The Gahrenberg (center; Reinhardswald ) viewed from the chicken Feldberg ( Kaufunger Forest)
The Gahrenberg is with 472.1 meters above sea level. NN after Staufenberg ( 472.2 m above sea level. NN ) is the second highest mountain in the Reinhard Forest in northern Hesse Kassel district.
The Gahrenberg is located in North Hesse, each 6 km north- west of Hann. Munden and southwest of Veckerhagen and 3.5 km (distances in each air line) north-east of Holzhausen (eastern district of Immenhausen ). His extreme Ostausläufer is the stone head in the southeast part of the Gutsbezirks Reinhardswald be southsouthwest the Fuldataler Steinkopf. To the northwest is the Junker head.
On Gahrenberg arise numerous short rivers, including Elster, millstones, Easter and Rattbach which the Fulda turn to, and Hemel Bach and Wet and Dry awl, three opening into the Weser rivers.
In the high altitudes of the mountain mining was mentioned in documents from 1575 and sponsored operated 1842-1970 lignite mining. It was also the way accumulating required for color production lubricating carbon, the so-called Cassel brown, degraded and won Alaunerde among other things, that was required of pharmacists and for dyeing and tanning. That alum was mined, is still nowadays identified by the name of the south-southeast of the mountain summit located Alaunteichs. In recent years, the operation of the local bill ( the bill Gahrenberg, also called pit Gahrenberg ) were of an approximately 1,800 m long, up to 500 m wide and 4-10 m thick coal seam, the 1842 with a 250 -M - studs was disrupted annually 15000-20000 t from a 30 to 40 -strong workforce reduced. From the seam are still about two-thirds present.
The mine was operated by the company Gahrenberg " Habich 's sons " in Veckerhagen. The paint factory ( which still exists today ) revealed their energy needs with the subsidized lignite and the workers there used the aforementioned lubricating carbon for color production. To mine closure and thus to carbon repression led, among other things, the increasingly emerging petroleum, although a small proportion of coal mining was also used in the surrounding villages in the post World War II as abundant domestic coal.
With the last layer of 30 October 1970, the last coal was recovered from the Gahrenberg. Then the conveyors were almost completely demolished and the tunnel entrance, the so-called closed adit. On 14 December the same year, the chimney was blown up and turned over around this time also the last open studs.
In mid-December 2007, the boiler house with scale-like extensions, the last from the forest depot Gahrenberg ( Hesse forest ) was used, demolished because the last owner had no more use for the building and preservationists against its demolition no objections.
Today, even Steiger is the former house, which was severely threatened by decay, no more. It was demolished in 2008, because the forest remediation was too expensive. At the same place a house is built, which should have the same appearance as the old one. In the region, this was vehemently criticized especially by persons who are connected with the mining industry on Gahrenberg.
You can reach the Gahrenberg good about the von Holzhausen by the Reinhard Forest to Veckerhagen running state road 3232, of the branches leading to a Sababurg and after Gottsbüren road. From just 3 km north of Holzhausen in 380 m height located in the forest park " Red stick" it is on the forest path " Old coal road " about a 25-minute walk.