The Reinhard Forest is a 200 km ² and up to 472.2 m above sea level. NN high mountain range of the Weser Uplands in the district of Kassel, North Hesse ( Germany ). Of these, 183 km ² part of the unincorporated area Gutsbezirk Reinhardswald.
As a place of myths and legends, such as Grimm Fairy Tales shear, and especially by the Sleeping Beauty Sababurg the Reinhard Forest is nationally known.
The Reinhard Forest is located in the north of North Hesse between Kassel and Bad Karl harbor and Hann. Munden and Hofgeismar. In the north and east of the forest area abutting the Weser and the southeast and south by the Fulda, both rivers form hiesig the border to Lower Saxony. To the west it borders partly to a chimney and to the northwest by the Diemel.
At the Reinhardswald close each side of the Weser at the Solling in the north, the Kiffing in the Northeast and the Bramwald in the east. To the southeast lies beyond the Fulda Kaufunger forest; not far extends southwest to the Reinhard Forest above the Kassel basin hawk forest.
The Reinhardswald includes a very extensive, gently undulating, very wooded and almost uninhabited red sandstone plateau, which is about 200 to a maximum of 472.2 m above sea level. NN is high and rises gently sloping downwards to the west. His two highest mountains, each heavily wooded, hot Staufenberg ( 472.2 m) and Gahrenberg ( 472.1 m).
With over 200 sq km area of the Reinhard Forest is one of the largest areas of forest and one of the least populated areas of Germany; within Hesse, it represents the largest self-contained forest area in which to thrive especially beech and oak trees. There are also sprawling Hutewaldflächen or forests.
Few highways run through the Reinhard Forest. When you pass through the low mountain range in north-south direction of Helmarshausen coming over Gottsbüren to Holzhausen, for example, a bicycle or a car, you drive 38 km on mostly completely secluded and narrow streets that run especially in the south of the forest often completely straight. Here you meet except Gottsbüren on any further settlement to the South Rim of the Reinhard Forest near Holzhausen. In the north of the forest drive along the Weser Renaissance Route and in the south on the German Fairytale Route ( "Sleeping Beauty - Route").
At the crossing of the Reinhard Forest on the street provides a unique forest landscape. Many parking spaces invite you to pause, to take a walk or a hike. At the stations there is usually information boards about the flora and fauna or the history of the forest.
The Reinhardswald was once imperial forest. The north end between the Weser and Diemel, Emperor Henry II the abbey Helmarshausen; the southern part came to the diocese of Paderborn. The first settlements as the king Hofgeismar goods and Herstelle had arisen on the rivers. From there we came to the first clearing of the forest edge for the purpose of fattening grazing. In the High Middle Ages, the lords of Schöneberg in Reinhardswald came to before Winzenheim burg feudal rights. In a clearing phase they put on, with the approval of the counts of Dassel places in the recent forest interior in the broader sphere of Diemel. This was to Hagen hooves villages. Because of the relation to the settlements previously applied disadvantaged location and because of the political retreat of the founding territorial lords they were desolate. Landgrave of Hesse, Heinrich bought 1305 and pledged the woods back in 1355 and its share of Hesse, whose family has owned the forest now remained permanently and for the princes, especially for Philip the Magnanimous, was a popular wild.
In and near the Reinhardswald was operated for centuries mining. Evidence of lignite mining on Gahrenberg ( hiesig 1842-1970 in underground mining ) can already be found at the time of Landgraf Wilhelm IV from 1575. An early recovery of Alaunerde and silica sand which. In the glassworks of Hann Munden was further processed, has been demonstrated. 1592 was documented in a union in Holzhausen known. Further evidence of the mining industry are occupied from the period 1611-1666.
Sprawling wood-pastures and old farms and homesteads are evidence of the agricultural tradition in the Reinhard Forest.
There are several legends about the origin of the Reinhard Forest, of which the two best known are described here:
Option 1: Count Reinhard was a gambler and a drunkard. One night he played with the Bishop of Paderborn. After he had lost all his money, he put his entire possessions in a game that he lost. He asked the bishop for mercy and this gave him yet another crop, after which he sowed acorns. This popular variant is also performed by a theater group.
Option 2: Reinhard Graf has dominated the powerful, densely covered with forest villages, but was sentenced to death for extortions and robberies. In his plea he was permitted to order again before his death, the Huten and harvest. Cunning he sowed after the destruction of the villages of the arable farmers with acorns, the fruits ripen only after he was already dead. So once was the Reinhard Forest.
The most famous destination in the Reinhard Forest is certainly the Sleeping Beauty Sababurg with the zoo Sababurg. Furthermore invites the nature reserve forest Sababurg, which lies between the Sababurg and Hofgeismar - Beberbeck to long excursions into a forgotten time and jungle-like landscape. Hikers and nature lovers can on long paths to get to know the impressive forest landscape; by this result, for example, sections of the long trails Mother Hulda path, fairy tale land and wild and also the Reinhardswald -west route and Ostweg. But you can also, for example, on the Reinhardswald bike path or along the Holzape take a bike ride, which you can combine with a visit to the cloudbursts in Trendelburg and the water castle Wülmersen. On the northern edge of the Reinhard Forest pays a visit to the town of Bad Karl port and the Krukenburg. In kink Hagen Hagen bend the castle once stood.
The located within the Reinhard Forest mountains and peaks and their foothills are - sorted by height in meters ( m) above mean sea level ( MSL; unless otherwise called out loud):
- Staufenberg ( 472.2 m)
- Gahrenberg ( 472.1 m)
- Hahneberg ( 460.8 m)
- Junker head (about 453 m)
- Muhlenberg ( 439.0 m)
- Langenberg (approx. 430 m)
- Small Staufenberg ( 421.0 m; Südkuppe of Staufenbergs )
- Big Pinnacker ( 400.0 m; Ostsporn of Hahnemann Berg )
- Ahlberg ( 394.6 m)
- Steinhäufe ( 391.1 m)
- Knotberg ( 388.0 m)
- Olbenberg ( 371.1 m)
- Pape heads ( 367.8 m)
- Steinkopf at Hilwartshausen ( 353.2 m)
- Sandkopf ( 340.1 m)
- Staufenküppel ( 333.8 m)
- Cow Mountain ( 326.0 m)
- Grunewald head ( 324.9 m)
- Castle Hill of Sababurg (approx. 315 m)
- Kuhläger head ( 290.5 m)
- Large Becker side ( 281.4 m)
- Heegeberg ( 280.2 m)
- Sieburg ( 274.2 m)
- Ischenberg ( 271.8 m)
- Steinkopf at Wülmersen ( 271.1 m)
- Steinkopf in Fulda valley (250 m )
- Klipsberg ( 241.5 m)
- Special head ( 235.0 m)
- Small Pinnacker ( 197.6 m; south spur of the mountain Hahne )
- Moosberg ( 185.0 m)
- Assaburg ( 163.5 m)
Just east of the Reinhard Forest flows through the deep valley incised Weser, southeast of the equally deep in the valley of the river Fulda, west of the small forge and northeast of the Diemel. The Holzape is the longest river within the Central Mountains, flows through the addition to numerous other streams also Holzkape, Lempe and Osterbach. In addition, there are many ponds and pools.
Immediately Reinhardswald, these towns:
- Hofgeismar - Beberbeck ( homestead settlement )
The Reinhardswald is framed directly from these localities:
- In the north: Bad Karl harbor and Helmarshausen
- In the East Upper Weser and Reinhard Hagen
- In the southeast Hann. flow
- In the West Hombressen
- In the southwest Immenhausen
A little further from the Reinhard Forest Station, these towns:
- In the West Grebestein, Hofgeismar and Trendelburg
- In the south of Kassel
Within Reinhardswald and at the same time in Gutsbezirk Reinhard Forest lies with the Friedwald ® Reinhardswald since its opening on November 7, 2001 the first German Friedwald ® for natural burial. It is located northwest of the Staufenbergs in Staufenberger break either side of the forest road, which connects the Sababurg 3229 (after Veckerhagen ) with the state road 3232 ( Holzhausen ) and country road. In natural forest cemetery, whose formation is due to the initiative of the German forest conservationist 's and Hermann -Josef Rapp, the urns of the deceased are buried. The approximately 116 -acre area as a cemetery is barely recognizable as any grave care place and is not interfered in nature otherwise. Is buried in the root zone of trees of these species: maple, birch, beech, oak, chestnut and larch. Particularity of the forest cemetery are his Hutewaldflächen.