Hermann Grabner

Hermann Grabner ( born May 12, 1886 in Graz, † July 3, 1969 in Bolzano ) was a German - Austrian composer and music teacher.


While studying law, he in 1909 with the degree of Dr. jur. graduated, he followed also studying music with the main subjects Violin and Viola at Leopold search country in Graz until 1910 and played helping out as a violist in the theater orchestra. After Grabner studied from the autumn of 1910 at the Conservatory of Leipzig with Max Reger and Hans Sitt music. In 1912, he worked as an assistant Max Reger in Meiningen, 1913 he was teacher of music theory at the Conservatory of Strasbourg. After war service in the Austrian army, he was from 1919 to 1924 theory and composition teacher at the Musikhochschule Mannheim and Heidelberg Academy of Music. After that, he was a teacher of composition at the Conservatory of Leipzig, where included, among other Hugo Distler, Artur Immisch, Werner Neumann and the famous film music composer Miklós Rózsa to his pupils. Since 1930 he was also a university music director. In 1932 he was appointed as professor in Leipzig.

Grabner was a member of the founded in 1928, nationalist -minded, anti -Semitic League of Struggle for German Culture. After the " seizure of power" of the Nazis Grabner was a member of the National Socialist Teachers' Association since 1934 and was Advisory Board of the Reich Music Chamber. In the Nazi era Grabner composed numerous system-conforming pieces, such as 1933 torchbearer songs dedicated to my SA comrades or 1935, the confession song Imagine to the script around to a text by Baldur von Schirach, and other compositions, in which Wolfgang Suppan created for the Styrian music lexicon raisonné missing or have been replaced by other titles. From 1938 to 1946 Grabner taught as a successor of Paul Hindemith at the Berlin Musikhochschule. In addition, he was active in the main editing Music by the Office Rosenberg.

After his dismissal from the university service in the summer of 1946, Grabner first lived as a freelance composer and taught at the community college in Berlin -Zehlendorf. After his rehabilitation took place on March 16, 1950 he taught from 1950 to 1951 at the Municipal Conservatory of Berlin ( West), before he retired. He died during one of his many Tyrolean holiday stays in Bolzano.

In addition to opera Grabner composed many major orchestral works, chamber music, choral works, songs, motets and two multiple organ works. Of particular importance are his numerous, sometimes to today is reissued, textbooks such as, among others, the general music theory.


Works for wind

  • Perkeo Suite, Op 15 (1925 )
  • Guardian song for male choir, brass, timpani and harp, Op 26
  • Castle Music, Op 44 (1937 )
  • Firlefei Variations, Op 46 (1937 )
  • I am a soldier, valera, op 54, Variations for Wind Band
  • Sword award for male choir and wind orchestra, op 55
  • Concerto grosso Op 57

Other works (selection)

  • The judge opera on a text by C. F. Meyer ( 1930)
  • Trio for violin, viola and cello o.op. ( Test piece in 1912 )
  • Concerto in the Old Style for Three Violins, Op 1
  • On Guard for baritone and orchestra, Op 4 ( manuscript )
  • The 103rd Psalm for alto, mixed choir and orchestra op 6
  • Prelude and Fugue for String Quartet, Op 11 ( manuscript )
  • Dialogue for alto, viola and organ, Op 16
  • Media vita in morte sumus, Antiphonbearbeitung for organ, Op 24
  • Fantasy on the liturgical Pater noster for Organ, Op 26
  • Light hikers for male chorus and orchestra, Op 30
  • Hymn Christ is risen for organ, Op 32
  • Alpine Suite for Orchestra, Op 34
  • God of all things origin motet for mixed choir, Op 42
  • Symphonic Dances for orchestra, Op 43b
  • Weihnachtsmotette for mixed chorus, Op 45
  • Five Songs for mixed chorus, Op 51
  • Toccata in F Major for Organ, Op 53
  • Divertimento for small symphony orchestra, Op 56
  • Concerto for Organ and Orchestra, Op 59
  • " Torchbearer ," Songs of the New Kingdom, for male chorus composed to poems by Heinrich Anacker, publisher Kistner & Siegel, Leipzig 1934
  • Organ chorale books for various Evangelical Lutheran Churches ( after 1946 )

The majority of the compositions Grabner is published by the publisher Kistner & Siegel.


  • Handbook of functional harmony, ISBN 3-7649-2112-9
  • General music theory, ISBN 3-7618-0061-4
  • The art of organ-building, Max Hesse Verlag, Berlin, 1958.
  • Musical Work Discussion, Kistner & Siegel & Co, Lippstadt, 1957.