Joshua (name)

Joshua ( [ jo ː ZUA ]; יְהוֹשֻׁעַ Hebrew: Yehoshua ) is a masculine first name biblical Hebrew origin, which was taken over in many languages. The name means as much as " YHWH (God) Help, healing, generosity, life ". The most famous bearer of the name is Joshua the son of Nun, in the eponymous book of the Old Testament, Moses' successor. In Greek translations Joshua was translated with Jesus. Other forms of the name are for example the English Joshua and the Hebrew Yeshua. Joshua remained common as a first name for both Jews and Christians at all times and to this day still occasionally encountered, especially in German-speaking countries and in Scandinavia.

  • 5.1 Biblical namesakes
  • 5.2 antiquity
  • 5.3 Middle Ages
  • 5.4 Early Modern Times
  • 5.5 19th century to present
  • 5.6 Fictitious name carriers

Origin and Meaning

The name Joshua is a Hebrew original biblical first name, which was taken over in many languages. The oldest form of Yehoshua is a theophorous name means " YHWH is help, healing, generosity, life ". Already in the Masoretic text there will be three different spellings and two different ways of speaking the name. The name Yehoshua has been used mostly in Palestine after the Babylonian exile in the short form Yeshua. This is a very common personal name that is occupied in numerous inscriptions. In the Hebrew Bible, it is primarily the name of the Israelites Yehoshua ben Well, Joshua the son of Nun, who leads the people into the promised land of Canaan, and after the book of Joshua is named in the Old Testament.

Translations of the Bible

The following spellings of the name are attested in the Bible and in their translations:

Form of the name Jesus

In the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Tanakh, Joshua was always translated as Ἰησοῦς (Latin Jesus). This transfer followed the Greek New Testament, by the native Galilean Joshua Ben Joseph, who was probably called in a westaramäischen variant of Joshua ( Yeshua or Yeshu so ), as Jesous Nazarenos - Jesus of Nazareth - designated. Joshua in the Old Testament of Jesus in the New Testament, distinguished by the additional name Jesus, son of Nave, Greek Ιησους ο του Ναυη. This form of the name is also found in the Latin Bible texts before the 5th century, for example, Fathers of the Church, Tertullian and Augustine of Hippo. Only since Jerome from the Septuagint rendered into Latin, and not just the title of Christ, but wanted to reserve the entire name Jesus Christ for the person of the Redeemer, Joshua and Jesus were distinguished consistently in the Western Church. The name Jesus Nave for Joshua is still used today in the Orthodox Church and the points arising from this tradition liturgical texts and translations of the Bible; both are wearing so there the same first name.

Distribution and abundance

The first name Joshua has long been popular both among Christians than among Jews. Today, the name Joshua is among Jews formerly German origin in Israel and in Hungary, the Scandinavian countries of Sweden and Norway and the German-speaking common. According to Duden Lexicon name is the first name Joshua could never spread widely in Germany Other sources speak of a rather moderate frequency from. According to Knud Bielefeld Joshua in 2012 was ranked 396 of the frequently chosen name in Germany. In English-speaking countries Joshua is not among the 1000 most common last names. In contrast, the name Joshua variation is much more widespread in Europe in the United States since the early 1980s.

Name-day

  • The name day of Joshua the son of Nun, is celebrated in the Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Coptic and Armenian churches, and the LC -MS on September 1. Parallel to 1 September in the Coptic Church June 20 additional Remembrance Day. In the Armenian Church are January 17 and December 26 additional observances, liturgical celebration will take place after the Verklärungssonntag on the second Thursday.
  • The Evangelical Lutheran Churches commemorate on August 3, the theologian Joshua Stegmann.

Variants, pet names and short forms

  • Yehoshua, Hebrew long form
  • Yeshua, Hebrew- Aramaic short form
  • Jesus, Greek form
  • Joshua English form
  • Josh, English short form
  • Joschi, Josi and Joschy as terms of endearment
  • Jozue, Czech and Polish form
  • Yeshu in the Talmud, see also Toledot Yeshu
  • Iyasu, Amharic form
  • Jozua and Jozuä, Dutch form
  • Jos, Dutch short form of Jozsef and Joshua
  • Joschka and Joshka, short forms of Joseph and Joshua
  • Joshua
  • Josva, Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic and Norwegian form
  • Johusa
  • Josué, French, Spanish, Catalan and Portuguese form
  • Joshua Icelandic form
  • Giosuè, Italian form
  • Jószua, Hungarian form
  • Iokua, Hawaiian form
  • Yuşə, Azerbaijani form
  • Joshua Croatian form
  • Joosua, Finnish form
  • Xosué Galician form
  • Yusha, Malay form
  • Joshua, Romanian form
  • Yusa, Turkish form

Well-known bearers of the name

Biblical namesakes

  • Joshua the son of Nun, successor of Moses and military leader. Named after him is the book of Joshua.
  • Joshua landowners of a field in Beit Shemesh, where the Ark of the Covenant for a time was 1 Sam 6:14-18 EU
  • Joshua, City Chief in Jerusalem at the time of King Josiah. 2 Kings 23.8 EU.
  • Jeshua the son of Jehozadak, the first post-exilic high priest in Hag Hag 2:2-4 1 EU EU EU 3:1-9 property. In the books of Ezra and Nehemiah, he is called Yeshua. In translations such as the amount Bible he is called Joshua.

Antiquity

  • Yehoshua ben Hananiah (. Approx 1st-2nd century), also: Joshua ben Hananiah, Tannaim
  • Yehoshua ben Qorcha (. Approx 1st-2nd century), also: Joshua ben Qorcha, Jewish scholar of antiquity
  • Yehoshua ben Levi (ca. 3rd century ), also: Joshua ben Levi, significant amora of the first generation
  • Joshua Stylites (about 5 - 6th century), traditionally regarded as the author of about 507 resulting chronicle of events in the late antique Syria

Middle Ages

  • Moses ben Joshua of Narbonne (* 13th century or 14th century; † after 1362 ), Jewish scholar
  • Joshua ben Josef Lorki (d. about 1419), Jewish physician

Early Modern Times

  • Joshua Maaler (1529-1599), Swiss pastor and lexicographer
  • Johann Joshua Löner (also: laborers, Loner, * 1535, † 1595 ), German Lutheran theologian
  • Joshua Opitz (* around 1542, † 1585 ), German Lutheran ( Flacian ) theologian and educator
  • Andreas Joshua Ulsheimer (also Ultzheimer; * 1578, † after 1616), German physician and world traveler
  • Joshua Stegmann (1588-1632), German theologian and hymn writer
  • Joshua Wegelin (1604-1640), German clergyman and poet
  • Joshua Arnd (also: Arndius, Arndt; 1626-1687 ), German Protestant theologian, historian and hymn writer
  • Joshua Schwartz (1632-1709), German theologian and General Superintendent
  • Joshua de Grave (1643-1712), Dutch painter
  • Joshua Cuno von Bülow (1658-1733), kurbraunschweigischer General - Field Marshal
  • Johann Joshua Mosengel (1663-1731), German organ builder
  • Joshua Harrsch (1669-1719), German priest and pioneer
  • George Joshua du Plat (1722-1795), Lieutenant-General kurhannoverscher and cartographer
  • Joshua Sylvander (1769-1833), Swedish lawyer and politician
  • Johann Joshua Stutzman (1777-1816), German philosopher
  • Carl Joshua Preumayr (1780-1849), German musician
  • Joshua Hasenclever (1783-1853), German merchant
  • Joshua Heilmann (1796-1848), engineer and inventor of the hand embroidery machine

19th century to present

  • Joshua Heschel Kuttner (1803-1878), rabbi
  • Eleazar Ben David Joshua Hoeschel (1803-1868), also: Lazar Horowitz, chief rabbi of Vienna
  • Joshua Höschel Schorr (1814-1895), Austrian journalist and scholar of Jewish
  • Joshua Hermann Anton Freiherr Dahlen of Orlaburg (1828-1887), also: Hermann Dahlen of Orlaburg, Austrian officer
  • Joshua Glaser (1831-1885), an Austrian jurist and liberal politician
  • Joshua Ezekiel Kjellgren (1838-1901), Swedish politician
  • Joshua Steinberg (1839-1908), Russian- Jewish scholar
  • Joshua Lindahl (1844-1912), Swedish -American zoologist
  • Joshua Knight of Gietl (1847-1922), German painter
  • Joshua doubt (1854-1895), Swiss trader and explorer
  • Yehoshua Hankin (1864-1945), also: Joshua Hankin, Zionist pioneer
  • Joshua Mjöberg (1876-1971), Swedish literary scholar
  • Joshua Eisenstadt (1885-1918), Russian writer
  • Joshua Järvinen (1871-1948), Finnish politician
  • Joshua Bengtson (1882-1958), Swedish actor
  • Joshua Henrik Witt (1882-1943), Swedish composer
  • Joshua Leander Gampp (1889-1969), German graphic artist, painter and high school teachers
  • Joshua F. Naudé (1889-1969), South African politician
  • Israel Joshua Singer (1893-1944), also: Israel Joshua Singer, Polish -born Yiddish prose writer and translator
  • Joshua Reichert (* 1937), German graphic artist and graphic designer
  • Joshua Bruyn (1923-2011), Dutch art historian
  • Joshua Koroibulu ( b. 1982 ), professional rugby players from Fiji
  • Joshua Tuisova (* 1994), professional rugby players from Fiji

Fictitious names carrier

  • Joshua Washington Stone, occupation soldier in home movie My brother Joshua
  • Joshua Pike, escaped prisoner in adventure Vierteiler Two Years Holiday
  • Prince Joshua, kidnapped brother of the protagonist in the fantasy trilogy The Secret of the Great Swords

Objects with the name of Joshua

Joshua also occurs as the name of ships. For example, the Lübeck liner Joshua fell in three- crown 1565 war lying at anchor off the coast of Gotland.

Members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter -day Saints, known as Mormons called, the native to the southwestern United States Agavengewächs Yucca brevifolia as " Joshua Tree " ( Joshua Yucca ) because they compared its branches with the arms of the Old Testament popular leader from the Book of Joshua. The Joshua and Caleb - fountain by the artist Karl Donndorf in Stuttgart- Rotenberg, however, shows a scene from the fourth book of Moses. Near Bergisch Gladbach, there was a pit Joshua, who was in Jewish property.

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