Josiah Patterson ( born April 14, 1837 Morgan County, Alabama, † February 10, 1904 in Memphis, Tennessee ) was an American politician. Between 1891 and 1897 he represented the state of Tennessee in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Josiah Patterson attended the common schools and the Somerville Academy. After a subsequent study of law and its made in 1859 admitted to the bar he began in Morgan County to work in his new profession. During the Civil War, Patterson officer in the army of the Confederacy, where he rose to the colonel. After the war, he practiced as a lawyer again in Alabama, where he was a resident of Florence since 1867. In 1872, Patterson moved his residence and his law firm to Memphis in Tennessee. In his new home he began a political career as a member of the Democratic Party.
Between 1883 and 1885, Patterson sat as an MP in the House of Representatives from Tennessee. In the congressional elections of 1890 he was in the tenth constituency of his state in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of the late James Phelan on March 4, 1891. After two re- election he was able to complete in Congress until March 3, 1897 three legislative periods. In 1896 he was not re-affirmed.
After his retirement from the U.S. House of Representatives Josiah Patterson practiced as a lawyer again. He died on 10 February 1904 in Memphis, where he was also buried. His son Malcolm (1861-1935) was also a Congressman and 1907-1911 Governor of Tennessee.