River system of Kama and Volga
The Kama to Perm
Mouth of the Chusovaya in the Kama
Kama in the city of Perm
View from Jelabuga
The Kama (Russian Кама ) is a 1805 km long, left or north-easterly and the largest tributary of the Volga River in the European part of Russia.
It rises in the up to 336 m high Kamahöhen that lie west of Perm, its source located in the village Kuliga in Udmurtia.
First, the Kama flows about 200 km to the north. From about the village Loino flows the river for another 200 km towards the east before it turns to the south in Tscherdyn. Here ends the Wischera in the Kama. On the left bank are the industrial cities Solikamsk and Beresniki. Behind Beresniki begins the 1720 km ² and up to 20 m deep Kamastausee ( Kamskoje ), which is dammed at Perm. Perm is around 1 million inhabitants, the largest city on the Kama and the capital of the administrative region ( krai). In the city the Tchaikovsky Kama is dammed again, namely Votkinsk reservoir. Just below the dam joins the Nischnekamsker Reservoir, into which opens the coming of Bashkiria Belaya. The lake is dammed at the industrial city of Naberezhnye Chelny, where KAMAZ trucks are produced. Downstream flows near Nizhnekamsk of the right Vyatka.
In Tschistopol in Tatarstan Kama flows into the Kuibyshev Reservoir, through which the water of the Volga flows.
Along the Kama some reservoirs of the Volga - Kama cascade, one of which ( downriver seen ), these are the largest Kamastauseen:
- Kamastausee ( Kamskoje; Upper Kama ) ( 1915 km ²)
- Votkinsk Reservoir, ( 1120 km ²)
- Nischnekamsker reservoir ( Unterkama Reservoir ), [ 2580 km ² (numbered on 3490 km ²), 45 billion m³ ]
- Estuary in: Kuibyshev Reservoir ( 6450 km ², 58 billion m³)
At the Kama or something off of it are - downriver seen - these larger towns and cities:
- Naberezhnye Chelny