Template: Infobox city in Turkey / Maintenance / County
The Turkish Karaburun town is situated west of Izmir and the same name as the peninsula on which it lies. Karaburun is a district of the Turkish province of Izmir. Although it is not known with certainty, since when the peninsula is inhabited settlement traces have been (5000-3000 BC) have been found dating from the Chalcolithic at various points. Only four kilometers from Karaburun City found themselves in a cave a number of Bronze Age derived tools and utensils. This means that the Karaburun town must have a very long history.
The oldest known name for the peninsula is Mimas. In the period of the Ionian confederation there was a settlement called Stelar or Stylarius who is suspected at the site of the present town of Karaburun. In the Middle Ages the name Capo Calaberno was used. In the Turkish period Karaburun town was named Ahurlu or Ahırlı what Stall said. It was only during the Ottoman rule of the Karaburun name was used.
In his Kitab -i Bahriye The world famous navigator Piri Reis (16th century) gives detailed information about the coast of Karaburun. The Turkish traveler Evliya Çelebi, who lived in the second half of the 17th century, visited Karaburun and described the city as a " source of income of the mullahs of Izmir, a city with a mosque, a Turkish bath, seven shops and surrounded by olive groves and vineyards ".
It is quite possible that the name Karaburun has been derived from the word Calaberno. Another explanation for the origin of the name would be that the Turkish word " Kara " was used for " north" and "Ak " for " South" in pre- Muslim period. Then, one could conclude that Karaburun was used to designate the northerly cape and Akburun for the more south -lying cape ( Esendere ). But Karaburun is also called Black nose ( kara: black, dark; burun: nose). The mountain at the tip of the peninsula, under which the city lies Karaburun, bears the same name. The name may also be derived simply from the shape of the mountain.