Keizo Obuchi (Japanese小 渕 恵 三, Keizo Obuchi, born June 25, 1937 in Minakami, Gunma, † 14 May 2000 Bunkyō, Tokyo ) was a Japanese politician who from 1998 to 2000 chairman of the Liberal Democratic Party ( LDP ) and the July 30, 1998 to April 5, 2000, the 54th Prime Minister of Japan was.
Born in Minakami in Gunma Prefecture, the son of the House of Representatives Mitsuhei Obuchi, he moved at age 13 to a middle school in Tokyo. In 1958 he wrote themselves, hoping to become a writer, at Waseda University in the Department of English Literature a. When his father died the same year, he decided in his footsteps and joined the Department of Political Science. He graduated in 1962 with a bachelor 's degree.
Keizo tried briefly in Waseda earn the master's degrees, but he went on trips because he thought that he would thus learn more. Between January and September 1963, he visited 38 countries, sailed around the world completely and adopted strange work. In the United States he met Robert F. Kennedy in the office of the Inspector General.
According to the company inspired by his talks with Kennedy, he ran after the death of his father for his seat in the House and was elected in 1963, which made him the youngest members with 26 years in Japanese history. In 1979 he was in the 2nd cabinet Ohira Director of the Office of the Prime Minister, and the Bekörde for the development of Okinawa, his first ministerial post. He served there for eight months. In 1987 he was in the Cabinet Takeshita Chief Cabinet Secretary. He became famous two years later, after the death of Emperor Hirohito, when he publicly ansagte the names of the new era of Heisei.
In 1991 he became Secretary General of the LDP and 1994 vice president. In 1992, Obuchi chair the Keiseikai, one of the major factions of the LDP, who resigned from the Shin Kanemaru. The Obuchi faction was indeed in 1993 greatly weakened by the exit of Tsutomu Hata and his followers by the LDP lost the House majority. But you could back in 1996 again take the lead in the party and make the party leader and Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto with. 1997 appointed as the new Foreign Minister Obuchi Hashimoto, than what he showed in the negotiations with Russia on the Japanese claims to the Kuril Islands and in the negotiations on the reunification of Korea.
As Hashimoto resigned after the lost upper house election 1998, Obuchi was elected on 24 July 1998 against Seiroku Kajiyama and Jun'ichirô Koizumi LDP chairman and determined six days later against the vote of the House as Prime Minister. During his tenure, he focused on two main themes: the signing of a peace treaty with Russia and the revival of the Japanese economy. His solution to the latter was the increase in public spending, which briefly stopped the recession, but in the end could do little against the structural deficiencies of Japanese exports. The strained by him fight deflation policy also remained well below their expectations, so that the wage development in the country has been greatly affected. The drastic additional spending during the economic recovery programs Obuchis also led to an increase in the national debt, which could be partially braked again only under Jun'ichirô Koizumi. His policy towards Russia was not realized until his death.
Obuchi suffered a stroke on 1 April 2000, and fell in Juntendo University Hospital in a coma. He was replaced on April 5 by Yoshirō Mori and died on May 14 at the age of 62 years.
Obuchi has a son and two daughters, the younger, Yuko Obuchi, is also a politician.