Kenya Airways is a Kenyan airline based in Nairobi and aviation hub at the local airport Jomo Kenyatta International and a member of the airline alliance SkyTeam.
The airline was founded in February 1977 after the East African Community collapsed, which meant the demise of the old East African Airways. The airline service was launched on 4 February 1977, the airline was until April 1996 fully owned by the Kenyan government. In 1986, the Sessional Paper Number 1 was published by the Kenyan government, was highlighted in the that the airline would be better off in the hands of private investors. This resulted in the first attempt to privatize the airline. The government appointed Philip Ndegwa as Chairman, with the mandate to privatize the airline.
In fiscal year 1993/1994, the airline since the start of commercialization generated a profit for the first time. In 1994, the International Finance Corporation was tasked to assist the airline in the privatization process. 1995 massive financial changes were made, such as the reduction of debt and a cooperation agreement with KLM. In 1996, the airline in Nairobi on the stock market. In April 2004, the Kenya Airways Cargo brand was re- introduced in July 2004, the regional subsidiary Flamingo Airlines was integrated into the parent company.
Attention gained the airline mainly through their appointment and the operation of modern aircraft such as the Boeing 737NG, Boeing 777, Boeing 787 and Embraer E-Jets. The airline won a total of four times the "African Airline of the Year Award", awarded by the African Aviation Magazine by its own account.
On September 4, 2007, Kenya Airways associate member of the airline alliance SkyTeam in June 2010 a full member.
The airline is owned by Kenyan small investors ( 30.94% ), Kenya's major investors (14.2%), KLM ( 26%), the Kenyan government (23 %) and other foreign investors (5.86 %). Kenya Airways since March 2003, holds 49% of the Tanzanian airline Precision Air and leads with this also code-share flights.
In fiscal year 2011/12 (1st April 2011 - 31 March 2012), the conversion was 107.897 billion Kenyan shillings, equivalent to about 0.9 billion euros. There were 4355 employees, transported 3.644 million passengers and 62 504 tonnes of freight transported. The average seat load factor was 71.7 %.
Kenya as a country is classified according to the Federal Aviation Administration as a category two, which airlines from Kenya, including the Kenya Airways not allowed to fly to the United States.
Kenya Airways operates nationally Nairobi, Mombasa, Kisumu, Malindi and Lamu. In Africa, among other goals, such as Accra, Dakar, Dar es Salaam, Djibouti, Cairo, Kinshasa, Khartoum, Johannesburg, Luanda, Lubumbashi, Zanzibar and Mayotte ( Comoros ) and Mahe (Seychelles ) will be served. Asia is with Bangkok, Dubai, Guangzhou, Hong Kong and Mumbai on the flight plan. European destinations are Amsterdam, Paris and London. (August 2009)
As of March 2014, the fleet of 46 aircraft consists of Kenya Airways with an average age of 7.8 years:
Because of delays in deliveries of the Boeing 787-8 as alternatives new Boeing 767 or Airbus A330 are considered.
- Kenya Airways Flight 431 - On 30 January 2000, the airline experienced the first total loss of an aircraft in its history. An Airbus A310 crashed after takeoff from Abidjan. 169 of 179 people on board were killed.
- Kenya Airways Flight 507 - On May 5, 2007, a Boeing 737-800 crashed, which was only about six months in operation, starting with 114 people on board the flight from Douala to Nairobi. The machine should have arrived after the start after midnight at 6:15 clock in the Kenyan capital; shortly after takeoff from Douala, the contact broke off. At the time of the accident ruled stormy conditions. The captain of a machine of Cameroon Airlines, which should start at the same time, postponed his start by an hour. After nearly two days of the crashed machine of fishermen was found in a swampy mangrove forest on the edge of the coastal city of Douala, without that there was evidence of survivors. The accident site was located only about five kilometers away from the runway. The accident report is available and gives the pilot a clear fault in the accident. ( Disorientation, lack of monitoring the flight status )