Kenyan general election, 2002

Parliamentary elections in Kenya in 2002 were held on 27 December of the same year. The opposition coalition National Alliance of Rainbow Coalition ( NARC ) won here more than half of all votes and referred the former ruling party Kenya African National Union (KANU ) to second place.

Election process

Before the election, much of the opposition in the National Alliance of Kenya joined together. Their greatest strength was the DP of Mwai Kibaki, with its base in Kikuyuland, supplemented by 13 smaller parties. Another opposition party, Forum for the Restoration was of Democracy -People ( FORD - People) with their voting base in Kisii.

After Daniel arap Moi could no longer compete on constitutional grounds in December 2002, he sat Uhuru Kenyatta, son of Jomo Kenyatta, the first president of Kenya, as a presidential candidate of the ruling party KANU through. This led to a split from the party to the sequence; which only recently joined KANU MPs from the former NDP party under Raila Odinga came out along with other KANU politicians and business ran under the name of LDP. The LDP again joined very quickly with the National Alliance of Kenya under Kibaki together and formed the National Alliance of Rainbow Coalition - NARC.

The partners made ​​agreements that were in a "Memorandum of Understanding " set: Kibaki as a candidate for the office of president, Odinga for the to be created post of prime minister, each half of government posts for LDP and NAK, adoption of a new constitution within 100 days. This broad alliance won on 27 December 2002 with his top candidates, the opposition leader and former Vice- President Moi's Mwai Kibaki, the presidential election. Cited by Kibaki Rainbow Coalition ( NARC ) also received an absolute majority (122 of 212 seats ) in the concurrent parliamentary elections. The Arranged the LDP formed the largest group of NARC Group. The opposition was provided primarily from KANU and the regionally successful in Kisii Party FORD -People.



Kibaki took office according to the constitution with the power fullness of his predecessor. In appointing the government, he did not stick to the agreement to forgive half of the items on the LDP. At the beginning of the term, there was strong public perceived anti-corruption measures, such as the dismissal of judges, and the establishment of a public, which meets commission investigating the Goldenberg scandal. At the same time the process of constitutional revision was quickly stalled. The agreed in the NARC changes included the change from presidential system to a parliamentary government. In particular, the circumcision of presidential power and the creation of the post of Prime Minister, was scheduled for Odinga, met in the circles of the President resistance. The representative of a People's Congress drafted constitution failed in Parliament.

Thus the reason for the decline of the NARC coalition was laid. The LDP repeatedly demanded the coalition agreement, and Kibaki relied increasingly on parts of KANU and FORD - MPs in Parliament.

Finally, the government presented a draft constitution to the election promises so late but still redeem. KANU and LDP rejected the draft because in him the powers of the President were only slightly cropped.