Charp ( Nenets and Russian Харп ) is an urban-type settlement in the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug ( Russia) ( October 14, 2010 status ) with 6413 inhabitants.
The settlement is situated on the eastern edge of the Polar Urals north of the Arctic Circle, about 50 km as the crow northwest of the Republic Capital Salechard and 30 km north- west of the city Labytnangi. It is located on the left bank of the left Whether Creek Sob opposite the mouth of the inflow Jenga - Ju.
Charp belongs to Rajon Priuralski and is the administrative center of Aksarka nearly 100 km in west-north- westerly direction.
The village was founded in the early 1960s at the 1955 gone into regular service western part of the Arctic Circle railway south of Chum Vorkuta over the Urals after Labytnangi on whether, in the context of economic development. At first he wore the Russian name Sewernoje Sijanije (, aurora '), later the Nenets correspondence Charp became official. In the 1980s, the status of an urban-type settlement was awarded.
Note: Census data
Economy and infrastructure
In Charp the corporation Kongor - Chrome builds from a chromite deposits. In the settlement there is a cement factory in the Jamalneftegas - schelesobeton, which primarily serves the exploited of Gazprom natural gas deposits on the Yamal Peninsula, as well as a natural gas- powered thermal power plant with a capacity of 10 megawatts for the local supply.
Charp is located on the Arctic Circle Railway ( station Charp - Sewernoje Sijanije, route 153 km from chum ). Road connection by Labytnangi on the Ob.
The place is also famous for the prison camp located there known, including one of five in Russia sentenced to life imprisonment for offenders. There sits among other things, the serial killer Alexander Pitshushkin. In another camp was serving the entrepreneur Platon Lebedev, former vice - chairman of the Yukos oil company, as of 2005 a part of his sentence.