Kherson Governorate

The government of Kherson (Russian Херсонская губерния / Kherson Gubernija ) was an administrative unit in the southwestern part of the Russian Empire located on the Black Sea between the mouths of the Dniester and Dnieper. Today, this area belongs mostly to Ukraine, now a smaller part forms the Republic of Transnistria (Moldova).

It bordered ( clockwise from north ) at Poltava, Jekaterinoslaw, Tauris, Bessarabia, Podolia and Kiev.

It had an area of ​​71.284 km ², capital of Cherson was.

Divided the province was in six Ujesdy (circles):

  • Ujesd Alexandrija ( Ukr Olexandrija )
  • Ananiev ( Ukr Ananjiw )
  • Kherson
  • Jelisawetgrad (now Kirovohrad )
  • Odessa
  • Tiraspol

The cities of Odessa and Nikolayev ( Mykolaiv Ukr ) had a special status.

The province was established in 1802 in the colonization area New Russia. The capital was originally in Nikolayev and the area was called Gouvernement Nikolayev. After the transfer of the capital in 1803 it was renamed accordingly. 1920, it was divided into several provinces.


In 1897, the province had 2,733,612 inhabitants. Due to its history as the colonization area, the ethnic composition of the government was particularly colorful. Of the inhabitants were 1,462,039 Little Russians ( Ukrainians ), 575 375 Russians, 322 537 Jews, 147 218 Romanians and Moldovans, 123 453 German, 30,894 Poles, 25,685 Bulgarians, 22,958 White Russians and in smaller numbers Greeks, Armenians and Tatars.

Main industry was agriculture; from the total area 49 % were on arable land, 45.1% meadows and pastures, forests and only 1.9% to 4% on unproductive land. (1901: 197 420 tons ), all cereals, especially wheat, corn, sorghum, sugar beet and tobacco were built (annually about 20,000 poods ). The garden culture was significant. On fruit trees, there was peach, apricot, cherry, plum and mulberry trees, and much wine was drawn. Very significant was the livestock; were counted in 1891: 493,000 horses, 794,000 cattle, 254,000 sheep and 1.324 million pigs. Particularly in relation to the finished sheep province was the nursery for the Russian Empire. Fishing in the Black Sea and in the estuaries and the major streams of the country was quite significant (alone against 10 million herring ). (: 446 238 Zentner 1897), salt ( 481 373 quintals ) and kaolin won ( 24,404 quintals ) of minerals was some iron. The industry made ​​rapid progress in the country favored by the proximity of the sea, good waterways and railways, but was limited to the Odessa and Nikolaev. Outside the cities, the commercial activity concentrated on distillery, flour and sugar mill production. The trade was significant. Large businesses were particularly made ​​in wool, hides, grain, flour and cattle.