The Kuznetsk Alatau in Kiya ( at Moskowka, Rajon Tissul, Kemerovo Oblast )
Course of Kiya ( Кия ) in the catchment of Chulym
Template: Infobox River / Obsolete
The 548 km long Kiya (Russian Кия ) is a left tributary of the Chulym in Central Siberia (Russia, Asia).
The Kiya entfließt in about 1250 m altitude a small lake on the northern flank of the 1489 m high mountain Medweschja ( " Bear Mountain ") in the Kuznetsk Alatau, in the east of Kemerovo Oblast, near the border with the Krasnoyarsk Territory. The river flows through the eastern part of the mountain in a narrow, rocky valley until it reaches the level of the village Tschumai. Here he sets his course continues north to northwesterly direction in a wide valley fort, now in sections strongly meandering. In the lower reaches of the river reached the Tomsk Oblast and finally flows above the village and Rajonverwaltungszentrums Syrjanskoje at 99 m height in the Ob Creek Chulym.
The main tributaries are Tjaschin ( Тяжин ) and Chet ( Четь ) from the right and Kundat ( Кундат ) Kozhukh ( Кожух ) Tschebula ( Чебула ) and Antibes ( Антибес ) from the left.
The catchment area of 32,200 km ² comprises Kiya. The average discharge at the village Okunejewo, 34 km upstream of the mouth (and even above the confluence of Chechnya ) is 167 m³ / s with a minimum monthly average of 29.3 m³ / s in March and a maximum monthly average of 773 m³ / s in May. Near the mouth of the Kiya is about 250 meters wide and 1.5 meters deep. The flow rate is in this case 0.7 m / s
The river freezes from November to April.
Economy and infrastructure
The Kiya was still in the 1980s from Marinsk the middle reaches for smaller vehicles as navigable; Today is only the underflow at 13 kilometers from Krasnojarski Reid inland waterway where the Tschet opens and a road crosses the river.
From the 1820s, the region of the tributaries of the upper Kiya ( including Kundat, Mokry Berikul, Sukhoi Berikul ) was important gold producing area. Gold mining has been reduced from the beginning of the 20th century shift in the East Siberian assisted areas, but only came in the 1990s to a complete standstill ( mine in the settlement Berikulski ). In operation, a RUSAL belonging Nephelintagebau (aluminum raw material) in Belogorsk on ( Kijski ) Schaltyr, a small tributary of the upper Kiya is ( with Kiya - Schaltyr, end station of 1968 opened, 168 km long branch line of the railway Atschinsk - Abakan ).
On the mountain section of the Kiya there are only a few places; the lowland section is more densely populated. Biggest place is here Marinsk the city, where the Trans-Siberian Railway crossing (on a 250 m long bridge ) and the highway M53 from Novosibirsk to Irkutsk the river.