Lusaka is the capital of the province of Zambia and Lusaka. It has 1.413 million inhabitants.
Lusaka is about 1250 meters above sea level on a plateau in the south of Zambia.
The city was founded in 1905 by European settlers at the site of an African village and was named after its chief Lusakaa. In 1935 it became the capital of the British colony of Northern Rhodesia. With the independence of Zambia on October 24, 1964 Lusaka the capital of the country.
On 1 July 1985, a bomb attack on the then resident here the headquarters of the African National Congress. A similar incident occurred again on 20 January 1988.
On 5 July 2001, the out - and the FFD (Forum for Democracy ) recently joined from the ruling party MMD Ex - Vice President Paul Tembo was shot on the street. On 10 July 2001 the 37th and final states summit of the Organization of African Unity ( OAU) was opened in the city.
Lusaka is the economic and political center of Zambia. It expands over an area of 70 km ² and is one of the fastest growing cities in Africa. The city center, especially the Independence Avenue and the Cairo Road is marked by business houses with their typical services of urban civilization such as insurance, banking, stock market, health sector, retailers, hotels, tour operators, sports clubs, etc. There are also industry (including Chilanga Cement Ltd. ), transportation and handicrafts.
Lusaka is the urban center of the country. The streets are paved in the broader city center. In many directions lead paved highways through which all provincial capitals can be reached. According to Livingstone, Ndola, Kasama and Nakonde lead Railroads. Lusaka International Airport with international flights is 26 kilometers away from the city center.
Its center, the Cairo Road, at the New City Market and Kamwala market are, the shopping centers of the city, as well as the Zintu Community Museum. To the east lie the government building in Cathedral Hill and Ridgeway. Other suburbs such as Elizabetha Villa, Fairview, Kabulonga, Kabwata ( a working-class neighborhood with the Kabwata Cultural Centre ), Chennai, Manda Hill ( another mall ), Northmead (which is known for its nightlife ), Olympic Park, Rhodes Park, Roma, Thorn Park and Woodlands. Attractions include the Lusaka National Museum, the Political Museum, the Zintu Community Museum, the Freedom Monument, the building of the Zambian National Assembly ( Parliament), the pattern Fields Agricultural Society (known for their annual shows), the Moore Pottery, the Lusaka spectacle a cinema, the Cathedral of the Holy Cross, a golf club, the Lusaka Sports Club, the zoo and the botanical garden of the Munda Wanga environmental park -. In 1964 opened the University of Zambia there.
In addition, the city is twinned with Dushanbe, Tajikistan. Danuta Gleed, a Canadian writer, was born here in 1946 in a British refugee camp.