As minivan small cars are referred to with a best possible use of space in relation to the vehicle floor area nowadays. Originally designated the word " minivan ", however, as - in American parlance even today - a people carrier, of which, for example, the Chrysler Voyager and the Renault Espace, which may be at least 4.5 to about 5.0 m long, the typical representatives in Europe.
The term minivan is derived from " Van ", and also of " compact MPV " and " Microvan ". The special features of a minivan compared to a small car is one of a higher roof. Minivans are popular with craft shops, but increasingly also in many children, and travel-loving families. Hence the jocular term " diaper bomber " comes for these types of vehicles. As usual with the names of types of vehicles, there are also problems of definition to related categories of vehicles, especially small car or even the compact class, as such terms are largely influenced by the media ( including most notably the advertising industry). Minivans are the size between 3.70 m and 4.10 m. The vehicle roof usually has a height from 1,55 m.
Predecessor was the design study AutonovaFam, which originated in the 1960s at the Ulm School of Design, and the study of Lancia Gamma Micro in the late 1970s. In series, the idea was only in the early 1980s by Japanese manufacturers, such as with the Nissan Prairie from 1982.
Examples below four meters External length:
Audi A2, with aluminum body
Lancia Musa, brother of Fiat Idea
Mazda 2 DY
Mercedes -Benz A-Class, the most expensive, but at that time also best-selling minivan in Germany.
Peugeot 1007, with sliding doors
Toyota Verso- S
Toyota Yaris Verso
- Subaru Justy G3X, all-wheel
- Suzuki Ignis
- Daihatsu YRV
Examples to 4.10 meters External length:
Current Mitsubishi Colt, 1.55 m high and about 3.85 m long
Toyota Urban Cruiser, 1.53 m high and about 3.93 m long, rather designed as a small SUV
Kia Soul, size to match the minivan, but weaknesses in the variability
Not available in Germany models:
- Mitsubishi Colt Plus
- Toyota Avanza