San Joaquin Valley

The San Joaquin Valley (Valley of the San Joaquin River) is the southern part of the California Longitudinal Valley (Central Valley) in the state of California, United States. In American parlance, one meaning the rural areas south of the cities of San Francisco and north of Los Angeles in weather protected Talbruch.


The California Central Valley has a large inland delta of the Sacramento River at its center. From the southeast side of the San Joaquin River flows to the Sacramento River, which goes all the way north to Stockton and rises in the inland delta. This river was the southern part of the name - but it has been largely diverted for purposes of irrigation in agriculture, together with its tributaries Kings River and Kern River. Until the expansion of agricultural irrigation in the 1920s the area was a semi-desert, the desert regions of Nevada not unlike that join just to the east.


Although widely influenced country are located in the San Joaquin Valley, several major cities, including Stockton, Fresno, Modesto, Bakersfield and Visalia. Unlike most other areas in the U.S., the settlement began only when the automobile was already the main means of transport. This is reflected in the transport infrastructure down - along with the protected location in the valley with little wind and rain but it leads to a lasting and particularly pronounced Smoglage - the San Joaquin Valley is the area with the highest air pollution in the United States. In addition, the agriculture contaminated the river waters with ablations.


On the economic and social side of the San Joaquin Valley is faced with numerous problems. On the one hand, much of the food of the United States is produced in the Valley - measured in dollar value are in California 25 % of U.S. agriculture based. On the other hand, there are few other job opportunities - a large part of the population today is of Mexican descent, particularly promoted by the Bracero Program in World War II. Even today, many illegal immigrants hire the extensive lands in the San Joaquin Valley as agricultural workers and day laborers. The officially recorded per capita income is well below the U.S. average.


There are also a number of settlement projects of various ethnic groups from all over the world, both European, Far Eastern and Middle Eastern backgrounds. In many cases, form certain ethnic groups in some cities still have the majority of the population while they are hardly to be found in other cities of the valley - so find a majority Syrians in Turlock, Dutch in Ripon, are Sikh in Stockton, Yugoslavs in Delano, Sweden in Kingsburg and in the entire valley there are more Azorean Portuguese -born residents than it is today in the Azores themselves.


By the 1990s, the population experienced a new upswing, as families increasingly outside the pricey areas moved to San Francisco. For local transport were also increasingly created that run between the San Joaquin Valley and the cities in the California Central Valley. At the same time the strong efforts of the California Emission Control Authority improved the living conditions in the suburbs.