Sofia Ivanovna Muratowa (Russian Софья Ивановна Муратова; born July 13, 1929 in Leningrad, † September 25, 2006 in Moscow) was a Soviet gymnast. She went to the club Dynamo Moscow and participated in two Olympic Games.
1941 Muratowas family was evacuated on the basis of the Leningrad blockade, her mother died, however, on the run. 1943 Muratowa enrolled in a children's sports school and began to do gymnastics. Only three months later, she participated in the girls championship of the Russian SFSR. In 1944, she moved to Moscow, where he worked under coach Igor Schurawljow
Sofia Muratowa was married to the Soviet gymnast Valentin Muratov, who survived her by a few days.
Your first success came in 1945 with the Muratowa victory in the USSR Youth Championships. Four years later, she gained international experience at the Nations match between Hungary and the Soviet Union in Budapest, which was able to win with their team.
At the Summer Olympics in Helsinki in 1952, they could not compete due to illness. So they denied her Olympic debut at the Games in Melbourne in 1956, where she won a gold and three bronze medals. In preparation for the 1960 Olympics in Rome Muratowa was injured again and many experts held their participation is extremely unlikely. Only three months before the beginning of the competitions she underwent an operation by the doctor Zoya Mironova. You genaß time and defended their team title in the team all-around. In addition, she won two silver and one bronze medal.
Also at the World Championships in Artistic Gymnastics, she participated successfully. At the tournament in 1954 in Rome, however, she had to give up already early. Although they won with her team in the team all-around gold medal, but then broke off while warming up for another competition the arm. In the following eight years succeeded Muratowa to defend the title won in Rome twice.
1965 Muratowa retired from active sports and was still working as a trainer until 1999.
Sofia Muratowa won at the national level a total of 20 gold, 14 silver and ten bronze medals. She was the only gymnast in the history of the Soviet Union, who won the individual all-around itself five times. Muratowas weakness were the rings, and this is also the only discipline in which they could never win a gold medal in a national comparison.