52.1925 - 1.7097222222222Koordinaten: 52 ° 12 ' N, 1 ° 43 ' W

Stratford- upon- Avon [ ˌ stɹætfədəpɒneɪvn ] is a town in the English county of Warwickshire. Located close to Birmingham city has about 23,700 inhabitants (2001) and is the administrative headquarters of the similar-sounding District of Stratford-on -Avon. Stratford is most famous as the birthplace of William Shakespeare. In addition to some industries, such as aluminum processing and boat building, the city is mostly a major tourist center.


The name Stratford comes from the Anglo-Saxon: strete ford ford road means and refers to the place in Roman times the road crossed the Avon at the. In 1196 the Bishop of Worcester where he founded a city and secured her royal rights to market.

At the time Shakespeare's Stratford had about 1500 inhabitants. At the outbreak of the plague in 1675, 60 people died. This meant for a long time the decline of the city.

It was only after 1760 it was again raised in the consciousness of the English population, as the famous actor David Garrick organized a three-day memorial service in honor of Shakespeare there. He also participated in the financing for the construction of the town hall in 1767, which he called Shakespeare Hall.

But only with the expansion of the railways and other transport routes in the 19th century, Stratford developed into a major tourist center.


The city is visited by over two million people. Main attractions are the sites that one - have reference to Shakespeare and his work - even if sometimes only vague.

Above all, the supposed birthplace of the poet in Henley Street. Here is a " William Shakespeare " was born in 1564 at least, whose father John Shakespeare had his workshop here. It dates from the early 16th century and is an example of a typical house of the English middle class of the time. It is a timbered house, with brown painted wooden beams, the spaces filled with wattle and daub. The building is well restored and can be visited, inside you will find furnishings from the Elizabethan period, but not a single part that has really heard Shakespeare.

The Grammar School in Church Lane existed since the 15th century, and it is very likely, though not certain, that William Shakespeare was a pupil there. The son of a well respected citizen of the town ( John Shakespeare was, among other alderman in Stratford ), it is hardly conceivable that he should not have gone to school. However, there are no appropriate school records more.

In the street Old Town Hall 's Croft is, a picturesque old half- timbered house, which formerly belonged to Dr. John Hall, the son of Shakespeare.

New Place, the house that Shakespeare bought from his not inconsiderable fortune 1597 Chapel Street, today is no more. It was demolished in 1759 by its then owner, because he felt harassed by the throngs of curious visitors. The tourists can visit only a pretty garden, where formerly stood the house, and where even the foundations are visible.

Within a small cemetery on the outskirts of Stratford, the Holy Trinity Church is the grave of Shakespeare, a memorial stone and a stone bust.

More Shakespeare memorials are located near the resort. Anne Hathaway 's Cottage, the birthplace of Shakespeare's wife, is located in the small village of Shottery, just 2 km outside of Stratford, and the house of Mary Arden, his mother, in Wilmcote, about 5 km away.

An important building in modern times is the internationally acclaimed Royal Shakespeare Theatre, built in 1933 under the name Shakespeare Memorial Theatre (Shakespeare Memorial Theatre) and renamed in 1961. It stands on the banks of the River Avon and is the central home of the Royal Shakespeare Company.

Stratford Grammar School

Here was Shakespeare's New Place

Holy Trinity Church

Shakespeare memorial bust in Holy Trinity Church


About ten kilometers north of Stratford- upon- Avon is the M40 Motorway, with which the town is connected by the A46 trunk road.

On the rail may Stratford- upon- Avon are reached from the direction of London by the railway companies from Central Trains to Birmingham and Chiltern Railways.

The place is also connected to the adjacent English Narrowboat Canal system, which today primarily for recreational boating serves.

Twin Cities

  • United States Stratford (Connecticut), USA
  • Canada Stratford (Ontario ), Canada
  • Stratford Canada (Prince Edward Iceland ), Canada
  • New Zealand Stratford (New Zealand), New Zealand
  • Qatar Doha, Qatar

Sons and daughters of the town