Uusimaa [u ː simɑ ː ] ( swedish Nyland [ ny ː country ] ) is a region in Finland. The present landscape Uusimaa covers most of the same historical landscape that also included the western part of Kymi. Until 1997, it also was a province ( lääni ) Uusimaa. After the incorporation of Eastern Uusimaa Uusimaa after the beginning of 2011, the landscape is again almost identical with the former province.
Uusimaa is located on the coast of the Gulf of Finland to the south of the country, bordering the landscapes Varsinais -Suomi in the West, Tavastia Proper and Päijät -Häme and Kymi in the north to the east. The capital of Finland, Helsinki, is located in Uusimaa and ensures a strong influx of the less favored regions of Finland. With over 1.5 million residents (about a quarter of the country's population ) is by far the most populous Uusimaa landscape of Finland. The population density is 172.5 inhabitants per km ² far higher than the national average in Finland ( 16 inhabitants per km ²) and almost as high as in Switzerland ( 188 inhabitants per km ²). The coast of Uusimaa is traditionally inhabited by Finland Sweden, albeit by the strong influx of people from other parts of the country, the proportion of Swedish-speaking population today amounts to only 8.5%.
The gross domestic product of Uusimaa corresponded in 2010 to a total of € 69.3 billion. Total Finland had a GDP of € 178.8 billion in the same year. Thus, so about 39 % of GDP is produced in this small part of the country. The Helsinki Region is a rapidly growing metropolitan area in Europe.
After 1809, when the Swedish king Finland had to leave the Russian Tsar, the division of the country into landscapes lost their administrative significance. The Finnish capital was moved from Turku ( Åbo ) to Helsinki. In the following period, the proportion of Finnish-speaking inhabitants increased in the region.
On the shores of Lake Tuusula ( between Tuusula and Järvenpää ) was drawn end of the 19th century, numerous artists who were responsible for the formation of the Finnish national consciousness of great importance. The best known of these were: the composer Jean Sibelius, Juhani Aho, the writer and his wife Venny Soldan - Brofeldt ( herself a painter ), the painter Pekka Halonen. Even the writer Kivi spent his last years here.
Coat of arms
Description of coat of arms: In a blue shield a golden rowing boat with tiller between two silver wave beams.
- See also coat of arms of Finland Region Uusimaa
To Uusimaa include 26 municipalities, of which thirteen cities are (in bold). The name is specified in the respective majority language in bilingual communities, the name is in the minority language in parentheses. Population figures as at 31 December, 2012.