William Reynolds Archer, Jr.

William Reynolds "Bill" Archer, Jr. ( born March 22, 1928 in Houston, Texas ) is a former American politician of the Republican Party. Archer was from 1967 to 1971 deputy in the Texas House of Representatives, to 1969, first for the Democratic Party. He then represented the seventh congressional district of Texas from January 1971 to January 2001 in the House of Representatives of the United States.


Archer initially attended St. Thomas High School, then the Rice University and then the University of Texas at Austin, where he earned degrees of Bachelor (BBA ) and 1951 in Law ( LL.B. ). He was admitted as an attorney in Texas and opened a practice in Houston. With the start of the Korean War he was drafted into the United States Air Force and served until 1953, most recently as a captain ( Captain ). By 1963, he was then president of Uncle Johnny Mills, Inc.

At the beginning of his political career, Archer was from 1955 to 1962 first as a member on the city council and then Deputy Mayor ( Mayor pro tempore ) of Hunters Creek Village in Harris County. Five years later he was elected director of the Heights State Bank and in the same year as an MP in the House of Representatives from Texas. This mandate, he held up to the time when he was elected to succeed George Bush for the 7th Texas U.S. congressional district in the House of Representatives of the United States. In his first election to Congress, he scored 65 % of the vote and was then, without ever having to compete against a serious opponent, elected 14 times in this stronghold of the Republicans again. In 1970 he achieved his worst election result, in the following years he reached always at least 79 % of the vote. 1976, 1990, 1992 and 1994, he took up unopposed, the opposition candidate in 1998 was not part of a large party.

Archer was from 1996 until the end of his political career in 2001, Chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means. As chairman, he was regarded as a proven conservative financial expert ( "tough fiscal conservative "). He was of the opinion that the government had resorted to the citizens of the United States too deep into his pocket, and was anxious as chairman, to reduce the financial burden on citizens with federal taxes.

For the election of the 107th Congress, he no longer went to and withdrew from 2 January 2001 by the Policy. His successor for the congressional district John Culberson went to.

Archer took on various matters politically and socially conservative views, he supported the death penalty, was against adoption rights for homosexuals and called for restrictions on welfare payments.

In 1999, he sat down in support of the then President Bill Clinton in spite of severe concerns about human rights violations and the trade deficit for a temporary application of the MFN clause in trade with China.