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Houston [( h) ju ː stən ] is the largest city in Texas and the fourth largest in the United States.

It has an area of ​​1558 km ² and is the seat of the district of Harris County, which is the third most populous county in the United States. The population is about two million inhabitants. The city is the heart of the metropolitan region, " Houston - Sugar Land - Baytown ", which is the largest cultural and economic center of the U.S. Gulf Coast and the sixth largest metropolitan area in the United States, with a population of 5.8 million people in ten districts.

Houston is world famous for its energy (some oil), aeronautics industry and its seeschifftauglichen ship channel. The region is also world- leading center for accessories for the production of oil. The Port of Houston is the sixth largest in the world. Under U.S. ports he is number 1 in the handling of cargo to foreign goods and also the largest in the entire transaction. In addition, Houston is the seat of the world-renowned Texas Medical Center, which contains the largest concentration of research and healthcare institutions. The city has a great scene in the visual arts and performers and is the city with the largest concentration of theater seats in the city center, also called the Houston Theater District. Around 70 km south of Houston you will find the island city of Galveston, which is a turning point for boat rental and tourist attractions.

  • 3.1 Town twinning
  • 4.1 theater
  • 5.1 traffic
  • 7.1 freeman


In August 1836, John Kirby Allen and Augustus Chapman Allen bought, two real estate entrepreneurs from New York City, 27 km ² of land on Buffalo Bayou with the intent of founding a city. The brothers decided to name the city after Sam Houston, the famed Texas General of the Battle of San Jacinto. On June 5, 1837, the town was entered in the Register and elected James S. Holman for the first mayor of the city. In the same year, Houston seat of Harrisburg County ( those of the present Harris County) and the temporary capital of the Republic of Texas.

1901 was first found in Spindletop oil near Houston, along with another field near Beaumont it drove the development of the American oil industry. 1902 President Theodore Roosevelt gave one million U.S. dollars free for the construction of the Houston Ship Channel. It starts at the edge of the city by withdrawing water run Buffalo Bayou. President Woodrow Wilson opened in 1914 some 60 km away from the coast new port of Houston. By 1930, Houston then grew into the most populous city of Texas.

Population Development

¹ 1980-2010: census results




Houston has 16 sister cities. In parenthesis, the year in which the collaboration was started.

  • China Republic Taipei, Republic of China ( 1963)
  • Spain Huelva, Spain ( 1969)
  • Japan Chiba, Japan ( 1973)
  • France Nice, France ( 1973)
  • Azerbaijan Baku, Azerbaijan (1976 )
  • United Kingdom Grampian, United Kingdom ( 1979)
  • Norway Stavanger, Norway ( 1980)
  • Australia Perth, Australia ( 1983)
  • Turkey Istanbul, Turkey ( 1986)
  • People's Republic of China Shenzhen, People's Republic of China ( 1986)
  • Ecuador Guayaquil, Ecuador ( 1987)
  • Germany Leipzig, Germany (1993 )
  • Russia Tyumen, Russia ( 1995)
  • United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates ( 2001)
  • Angola Luanda, Angola (2003)
  • Mexico Tampico, Mexico ( 2003)
  • Pakistan Lahore, Pakistan

Culture, education, attractions

The city is home to many universities, such as the private Rice University, the large state university University of Houston or the originally established only for colored Texas Southern University.

The Museum of Fine Arts, the largest art museum in Houston Texas is located.


In the carefully restored downtown Houston, there are in close proximity to each other many important cultural institutions: the playhouse Alley Theatre, Wortham Center ( the home of the Houston Grand Opera), Jones Hall (Concert Hall of the Houston Symphony Orchestra ) and the Hobby Center for the Performing Arts ( a cultural center for guest performances, among others, shows, musicals and concerts).

Economy and infrastructure


Known for its oil industry, the NASA Control Center Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center and its outstanding biomedical research has Houston also one of the largest ports in the United States, as well as three airfields:

  • The major airport George Bush Intercontinental Airport,
  • The Regional Airport and William P. Hobby Airport
  • Predominantly used by the military Ellington Field.

Houston has since 2004 a north south runny Light Rail system, the initial twelve -kilometer stretch of downtown Houston Metro Rail Red Line.

Houston is due to both Interstate 10 and Interstate 45 and U.S. Highway 59 at Interstate 10 crosses the city from east to west; the I 45 from the southeast to the north. The U. S. Highway 59 runs from southwest to northeast through the city.

The Port of Houston is the largest in terms of handling port in the United States.




  • Hans Senn Wood, ( born February 3, 1922 in Mountain Kamen, † June 23, 2007 in Grove City, Pennsylvania ), German economist and U.S. high school teachers