Windows Server 2003
Windows NT 3.5 Windows NT 3.51 Windows NT 4.0 Windows 2000 Windows XP Windows Server 2003 Windows XP Professional x64 Windows Vista Windows Server 2008 Windows 7 Windows Server 2008 R2 Windows 8 Windows Phone 8 Windows RT Windows Server 2012
Microsoft Windows Server 2003 is an operating system and was released in 2003 by Microsoft as a successor for the Windows 2000 Server products. The internal version number for Microsoft is NT 5.2. Compared to Windows 2000 Server, it contains no fundamental innovations, but many small new features in detail. Especially in the field of security, many improvements have been made, especially in some particularly criticized default settings. For example, specialized applications such as Internet Information Server are no longer installed by default, so that a better related to the task system can be built.
- 8.1 Advantages and disadvantages compared to Windows XP
- 8.2 Windows Storage Server 2003
Windows Server 2003 was originally planned under the name Windows 2002. The product was later renamed. NET Server to establish a connection to. NET. However, it later turned by the project and called from the product finally in Windows Server 2003.
The system supports inter alia:
- HTTP server
- SMTP server
- POP3 server
- Active Directory
- File server with quota management, file screening, reporting, DFS management, SAN management
- Cluster with SAN connectivity or even as a virtual cluster with local quorum (from Enterprise Edition)
- Application server
- Web server (Internet Information Server)
- Print Server
- Application server additive Edition
- Web Edition: supports single (1) - or dual (2 ) processor systems and up to 2 GB of RAM
- 32- bit Standard Edition supports single (1) - to Quad ( 4) - processor systems, and up to 4GB of RAM
- 32- bit Enterprise Edition supports single (1) - to Oct ( 8) - processor systems and up to 32 GB of RAM (using PAE)
- 32- Bit Datacenter Edition: supports single (1) - to 32 - processor systems and up to 64 GB of RAM (using PAE)
- Appliance Edition ( Limited Standard or Enterprise Edition for so-called Specialized server )
- Windows Storage Server 2003 for Network Attached Storage
- Windows Server 2003 Standard x64 Edition: supports single (1) - to Quad ( 4) - processor systems and up to 32 GB of RAM
- Windows Server 2003 Enterprise x64 Edition: supports single (1) - to Oct ( 8) - processor systems, and up to 1TB of RAM
- Windows Server 2003 Datacenter x64 Edition: Oct supports ( 8) - and 64 - processor systems, and up to 1TB of RAM
- Windows Compute Cluster Server 2003 supports per node / server reviews ( 1) - to Quad ( 4) - processor systems and up to 32 GB of RAM - is a high- performance computing cluster of multiple servers
Especially for systems with Intel Itanium processors, there are also 64 -bit versions ( Enterprise and Datacenter Edition), which have the same hardware support as the x64 editions.
There are also designed specifically for small businesses, the variants:
- Windows Small Business Server 2003 Standard Edition
- Windows Small Business Server 2003 Premium Edition
- Windows Home Server
What's New in Windows Server 2003
- Support for 64 -bit processors
- Internet Information Services 6.0 ( completely re -written HTTP server)
- Improved Domain Name System (DNS ) server
- More options for the administration from the command line
- Changes in the Active Directory Services ( transitive trusts between forests )
- Application Directories, special partition in Active Directory
- Volume Shadow Copy Service for example, enable quick snapshots for backup and versioning of files that users can restore previous versions of files by simply.
- Possibility, domain controllers, and even entire domains rename.
- Domains can be moved in the Forest (only in the AD Win2003 mode).
- Since the Service Pack 1 is an SSL encryption for RDP connections is possible.
- SharePoint Services
Service Pack 1
The published March 30, 2005 Service Pack 1 for Windows Server 2003 slightly improved the performance, reliability and security of the operating system. Among the improvements are often the same updates as of Service Pack 2 for Windows XP users. The following features were added in Service Pack 1:
- Security Configuration Wizard: A tool that allows administrators to easily change and research to make the security policy.
- Hot Patching: extended this function Windows Server 2003 to take effect without a reboot with the possibility of DLL drivers and non - kernel patches.
- IIS 6.0 Metabase Auditing: Enable the tracking of metabase edits.
- Windows Firewall: Brings many of the improvements in Windows XP Service Pack 2 for Windows Server 2003, even with the Security Configuration Wizard ( SCW), IT administrators can easily manage the incoming open ports, it can default roles assigned to be automatically recognized as
- To improvements in networking include support for Wireless Provisioning Services, better IPv6 support, and new protections against SYN Flood attacks TCP.
- Post-Setup Security Updates: A default mode, which is activated by the Server Service Pack 1 installation boot. It configures the firewall to block all incoming connections and redirects the user to update to install.
- Data Execution Prevention (DEP ) helps prevent support for the No Execute ( NX ) bit, the buffer overflow exploits, one of the most common methods of attack against Windows server.
- Windows Media Player version 10
- Internet Explorer 6 SV1 (eg IE6 SP2)
- Support the data management for hard disks using the GUID Partition Table system
For a complete list of updates, see Microsoft Knowledge Base.
Windows Server 2003 R2
The Release 2 was released in February 2006 and is an updated version of Server 2003 ( SP1) with expansion packs for all versions ( with a limitation of Itanium support for the Enterprise Edition).
Official list of changes in R2:
- Identity and Access Management
- Administrative branch server
- Storage setup and management
- Application development inside or outside the limits of the traditional organization
The official website about the new features of Server 2003 R2:
Service Pack 2
The Service Pack 2 for Microsoft Windows Server 2003 was released on March 12, 2007. The security and stability have been improved and added new features and updates to existing components.
The Service Pack 2 can be installed on the following operating systems:
- Windows Server 2003 All Editions (32 -bit x86)
- Windows Server 2003 Itanium-based Edition
- Windows Server 2003 x64 Editions
- Windows Server 2003 R2 Editions
- Windows Server 2003 Storage Server R2 Edition
- Windows Server 2003 Compute Cluster Edition
- Windows Server 2003 for Small Business Server R2 Edition
- Windows XP Professional x64 Edition
List of selected updates
In addition, some new functions will be provided (see also "The list of updates in Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2" ):
- The Remote Installation Services ( RIS) are replaced by the Windows Deployment Services ( WDS).
- Windows Vista clients can be installed through WDS.
- The Management Console 3 can be added flexible snap-ins.
- Higher performance for the SQL server.
- Higher power for the operation of the server under Microsoft Windows Virtualization Virtualization solution.
Windows Server 2003 on workstations
There are always users who want to use Windows Server 2003 as a desktop installation, provided that they have the opportunity. There are two groups of users:
The first group used Windows Server 2003 as it is. That is, it is quite normal installed as a server operating system and only the required functions are activated.
The second group, however, pursued a different approach: Normally when using a server operating system forced more expensive, server-specific versions of some programs (such as antivirus software) to use. This necessity is thereby circumvented through minor modifications in the registry, because the operating system then appears to the outside as a workstation version. In this case, the benefits of the regular version not lost. For example, Windows Update will continue to be conducted with the higher priority server. Another related effect is the change-over to the Windows logon used in Windows XP.
Advantages and disadvantages compared to Windows XP
Windows Server use on a workstation in 2003, has the following additional advantages over Windows XP 32 -bit:
- Newer kernel, which is smaller and more responsive
- When installed 4GB RAM better utilization of memory ( full 4 GB compared to max. 3.2 GB for XP)
- Increased safety when using the Internet Explorer
- Several minor improvements and new features (for example, the updated storage stack)
- Increase the network performance through improved network stack and support for TCP Chimney and RSS
- GPT support for large hard drives (Service Pack 1)
Windows Server 2003 is by adapting to the workstation but no actual Windows XP. The disadvantage is the lack of both the modern (restricted) user account management and system recovery. There is also software which requires, among server operating systems use special versions with paid licenses. For example, the use of some free virus scanners on Windows Server 2003 is not possible.
But it is possible to transmit the missing data from an existing XP installation.
The use of the 64- bit version of Windows Server 2003 as a replacement for Windows XP x64 does not make sense, because the 64 -bit edition of Windows XP is already based on Server 2003.
Windows Storage Server 2003
The Windows Storage Server 2003 (WSS2003) is a version for Network Attached Storage. This version has limited functionality, but is cheaper. Applications include SQL server, file server or mail and Exchange server. Since 2006 he has been available only in the R2 version. The server comes pre-installed on hardware, and can be managed via Web interface.