Winston-Salem, North Carolina
Winston- Salem is a city in Forsyth County in the U.S. state of North Carolina. The city is the fifth largest of the state and is located in the Piedmont Triad region.
Salem has its origin in January 1753, when Bishop August Gottlieb Spangenberg, on behalf of the Moravian Church, the area around the Muddy Creek the Wachau - in Latin variation of " Wachovia " - called. The area was converted about 400 square kilometers and was John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville bought. On November 17, 1753 the first settlers arrived in the area. Later, the city was the desire of the late Nicholas Ludwig, Count von Zinzendorf, following the name given to Salem ( peace ). On January 6, 1766 construction of the place Salem began. From this settlement today is still a part of the original building as a museum village of Old Salem, just south of downtown Winston -Salem located directly obtained, and a popular tourist destination. In many buildings of Old Salem old craft is presented faithfully.
Winston was founded in 1849, named after the warrior Joseph Winston, who was well known in the town of Salem. Winston was an industrial town, producing tobacco, furniture and textiles. 1851 Winston Countyseat was and plans were hatched to combine Winston and Salem.
1889, the post offices of Winston and Salem were combined and the town was officially known as Winston- Salem. It was not until 1913, the administrations of the two cities were united.
In Winston- Salem, some major companies have their headquarters: The RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company, Krispy Kreme Doughnuts, the Branch Banking and Trust Company ( BB & T), TW Garner Food Company and Lowes Foods stores.
Characteristic of the city had the tobacco industry through the RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company, which operated the once largest cigarette factory in the world in a valley just east of the city center. Many of the cigarette brands produced here acquired worldwide distribution. "Camel " has long been the best-selling cigarette brand in the world. The factories in the city center, in the once up to 15,000 people were employed, were evacuated gradually from 1986 and moved production to a new factory in Tobaccoville northwest of Winston- Salem. Today, great efforts are being made to find new uses for the giant and the cityscape formative factory building.
1908, a financial institution with the name " Wachovia " was founded, which grew until the end of the 20th century to one of the largest regional banks in the United States. Expression of his meaning was the 140 m high and 1995 completed Wachovia Center, the tallest building in North Carolina outside of Charlotte ( North Carolina). 2001 " Wachovia " was purchased by the " First Union Bank" in Charlotte. The name of the new bank, which is now one of the largest in the world, was chosen because of its uniqueness " Wachovia ". The company's headquarters moved to Charlotte, however.
Education and Culture
Winston- Salem is located in Winston-Salem/Forsyth County Schools School District. The abbreviated WS / FC Schools have 41 primary schools, 17 primary schools and 15 high schools. Winston -Salem has many universities, Wake Forest University, Winston- Salem State University, North Carolina School of the Arts, Salem College ( formerly, among others Moravian Female Academy), Piedmont Baptist College, and Winston -Salem Bible College.
The richness of the tobacco business family Reynolds Z. Smith Reynolds came over the Foundation benefits the general public. Thus caused large monetary grant that from 1946 the Wake Forest University moved from its original location near Durham, about 150 km to the west, to Winston - Salem. The family business made it a part of their estate on the outskirts available.
The Reynolds family and their descendants also collected art and thus created an important collection of paintings and sculptures. The works of art are in the Reynolda House, the former country house of the family business, was presented.
Also in the city center there is a greater number of galleries and museums, which are mainly concentrated in the Downtown Arts District.
The Winston -Salem Journal is a daily newspaper in Winston- Salem. The Winston-Salem Chronicle is a weekly newspaper of the African American community.
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