Yubari (Japanese夕 张 市, - shi) is a city located in Sorachi sub-prefecture on the island of Hokkaido.
The city is adjacent to a notoriety as Japan's only bankrupt municipality, for its Yubari melons known. Thus, the Yubari King generally costs 100 to 1000 € / piece and is a common "gift for mid-year " (中元, Chūgen ). On Versteigungen prices were even be erreicht.Angebaut to 2.5 million yen, about 3 million units per year to 280 ha of more than 200 farmers.
Yubari is located east of Sapporo and south of Asahikawa.
The development of the city began in the 1890s with the launch of coal mining by the company Hokutan, so that the number of inhabitants until 1920 rising to 50,000 in 1960 and reached its peak with 116 908 inhabitants. On April 1, 1943, the appointment was for Shi.
In 1982, a mining accident in the year before the bankruptcy of Hokutan Yubari Shintankō (北 炭 夕 张 新 炭 鉱) and the closing of the mines. 1990 finally, the last coal mine in the city was closed, and thus their largest employer, which led to the departure of young people from all layers. In March 2007, the city had only about 11,300 inhabitants, 43 % of them over 65 years and less than 8 % under 15 years, both negative records in Japan. The city then tried to revive the economy with tourism, such as the coal historical village (石炭 の 歴史 村, Sekitan no rekishi -mura ) with various museums and attractions, the ski resort Mount Racey and an international film festival (ゆうばり 国際 ファンタスティック 映画 祭, Yubari Kokusai Fantasutikku Eiga -sai ). All these measures did not bring the hoped-for success, so that the community on 20 June 2006 decided the status as " group under financial rehabilitation" (财政 再 建 団 体, zaisei Saiken dantai ) to obtain the administrative equivalent to bankruptcy. The debts of the community had risen to 63.2 billion yen, 13 times the annual budget, the annual balance sheet has been issued for years by borrowing as positive. 2007, granted the request by the central government, ie insolvency proceedings, after which the city is practically under administration of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and 35.3 billion yen was committed within 18 years to reduce debt. This will be achieved through the reduction of municipal employees to 30% wage cut by 30%, privatization of urban tourism businesses and the hospital, closing of cultural and educational institutions (libraries, museums, public baths, schools ) and the painting of grants ( daycare, seniors transportation, sanitation). The only city that has ever been declared a " group under financial rehabilitation" was Akaike (now Fukuchi ), also a coal town in 1992.
By March 2010, were 3.1 billion yen to be repaid. The forecasts assume that in 2030 only about 6,000 people living in the community yet, 50 % of seniors.
- Train: JR Sekisshō - line
- Doto Expressway
- National roads 274, 452
Sons and daughters of the town
- Mitsuharu Misawa ( wrestler )
- People's Republic of China Fushun
Adjacent Cities and Towns
- Mikasa ( Hokkaido )