Baeza is a city in Andalusia in the province of Jaén. It is located about 50 km northeast of Jaén.
Baeza goes back to ancient Beatia (or Biatia Claudius Ptolemy ), a city of Celtiberian Oretani in the Roman province of Hispania Tarraconensis. Beatia was a bishop 's seat, on the back is the titular Beatia.
Baeza was after the conquest of large parts of Spain by the Arabs 712-1068 part of the Caliphate of Cordoba and was after the collapse of the caliphate until its conquest by the Moroccan Almoravids in 1091 to the emirate Taifa of Seville. During the turmoil in the Castilian Reconquista succeeded 'Abd Allah al - Bayasi " El Baezano " to create itself in 1224 for short time an independent small emirate, which was however already conquered in 1226 of Castile. Baeza came afterwards again from 1232 to 1244, under Arab rule, as it is the Taifa Emir Muhammad I ibn Nasr incorporated his kingdom. After the end of the Almohad dynasty in Al- Andalus Muhammad had called an assembly in 1232 in Arjona to the Sultan. He won soon take control of Granada, Almería and Málaga, and founded in 1237 the Nasrid kingdom of Granada. 1244/45 he had the suzerainty of Castile recognize, and thus came Baeza finally Castile.
The closed historic old town in the Renaissance style located since 2003 on the list of World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.
Among the attractions of the city include the cathedral in the Renaissance style and the Palacio del Jabalquinto with parts in the Gothic style of the 15th century, the Renaissance to the 16th century and the Baroque in the 18th century. Also famous is the old butcher's (Antigua Carnicería ) in the Plaza del Popolo, which is designed quite splendidly for a craft business. Here is also the Lion Fountain.
The Civil Guard maintains in the city's police academy Academia de Guardia y Suboficiales.
In Baeza is also home to one of the branches, which was founded in 1994 University Universidad Internacional de Andalucía. It was named after Antonio Machado, who lived in the years 1912-1919 in the city.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Alfonso Chacón ( 1530/40-1599 ), Dominicans, church historian and antiquary