Lugo is a city in northwestern Spain. The city is located in the eponymous province of Lugo in the autonomous region ( Comunidade Autónoma ) Galicia ( Galicia ) on the river Miño. Lugo has 98 761 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2013).
Lugo is the oldest city in Galicia. It was founded by the expansionary policy of the Romans back in the time of Emperor Augustus. This was aimed, among other things, to bring peace to the north-west of the Iberian peninsula permanently. Paulus Fabius Maximus founded 14-13 BC on behalf of his emperor Lucus Augusti the place on the site of since about 25 BC existing military camp.
- The old town center is around completely surrounded by a two-kilometer walk from the 3rd century Roman wall which is provided with massive semi-circular bastions at intervals of about 100 to 200 m. The wall is between eight and twelve feet thick, and at the highest point about twelve feet high. The original wall had five gates, now there are ten. In 2000, the Roman Wall was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- The Romanesque Cathedral Santa Maria, Bishop of the Roman Catholic Church Diocese of Lugo, was built in the 12th century, but in the course of its history was also Gothic, Baroque and neoclassical elements. The Romanesque building replaced the first church of 755; it was completed in 1273. The cathedral was awarded in 1896 the title of minor basilica.
Lugo has the following sister cities:
- France Dinan in Brittany (France)
- Portugal Viana do Castelo (Portugal )
- People's Republic of China Qinhuangdao ( China)