Viana do Castelo Municipality

Template: Infobox city in Portugal / Maintenance / old parameter despite LAU

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Template: Infobox city in Portugal / Maintenance / No Freguesia

Template: Infobox city in Portugal / Maintenance / card is blank Template: Infobox city in Portugal / Maintenance / old parameter despite LAU

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Template: Infobox city in Portugal / maintenance / management location is empty Template: Infobox city in Portugal / Maintenance / Web page is blank Viana do Castelo is a city in Portugal and the capital of the district and the county in the northern region of Portugal. It lies north of the tubular mouth of the river Rio Lima into the Atlantic.

  • 2.1 Administration
  • 2.2 Population development

The place


Viana do Castelo has been called " Viana da Foz do Lima " ( " Viana at the mouth of the Lima River " ) in 1258 by Alfonso III. (1248-1279) founded. The city soon came to great wealth, which attracted both Spaniards and pirates. It was then still under Alfonso III. the first fort built at the mouth of Lima, which dominated the estuary. The oldest known date results from the XV. Was century, when the southern part of the old bastion under Manuel I built a fort, the " Torre da Roqueta ". End of the XV. Century renovations were needed, which were carried out by the then very famous military building architect Filippo Terzi, under the Spanish rule of Philip II ( Philip I of Portugal). Viana do Castelo got the Charter granted in 1848 by the Portuguese Queen Maria II.


One of the most picturesque medieval courses in Portugal is the Praça da República, which goes back to the art-loving Dom Manuel I.. Particularly noteworthy is the country's three -shell Renaissance fountain (1553-1559) by João Lopez -o -Velho. He was copied many times, such as a few years later for the city Caminha on the south bank of the Rio Minho, on the Portuguese- Spanish border, or in other cities, for example in Pontevedra in Galicia. During several centuries the fountain served not only as the sole source of drinking water, but was also due to its location in front of the old Town Hall ( Paço do Cocelho ) meeting place and social center of the city.

The Museu Municipal in Viana do Castelo is the warrior statue of São Paio de Meixedo, (also known as ' Estátua de Viana ' or 'do Páteo da Morte '), one of the three pieces that Emil Hübner 1861 introduced, as he in Northern Portugal incurred statues galläkischer warriors described. In the museum it is today as a warrior sculpture of the Castro culture ( Escultura de um guerreiro castrejo ) performed with a Latin inscription from the first century AD.


Viana do Castelo has relationships with numerous cities and towns partnership relations. Especially numerous are the relations after

  • Brazil Brazil Cabedelo, State of Paraíba, since 2003
  • Igarassu Pernambuco state, since 2003
  • Porto Seguro Bahia State, since 1997
  • Itajaí, State of Santa Catarina, since 1995
  • Viana, State of Maranhão

More partnerships with

  • Hendaye France in Aquitaine (France), since 1998
  • Spain Lugo in Galicia (Spain ), since 1990
  • United Kingdom Lancaster in the county of Lancashire ( United Kingdom), since 1989
  • Senegal Ziguinchor in Senegal, since 1989
  • Guinea- Bissau Cacheu (city) in Guinea -Bissau since 1988
  • France Riom in Auvergne (France), since 1982
  • Portugal Aveiro in Portugal, since 1910
  • Mozambique Matola in Mozambique since 2006

Partnership relations also exist with

  • Brazil the State of Alagoas in Brazil, since 2006
  • Cape Verde to the United Congregations of the island of Santo Antão in Cape Verde

Sons and daughters of the town

  • Raimundo Enes Meira (1866-1946), officer, colonial administrator and politician
  • Defensor Moura ( born 1945 ), physician and socialist politician
  • Pio Gonçalo Alves de Sousa ( born 1945 in Lanheses ), Auxiliary Bishop in Porto
  • Maria Manuela Machado ( born 1963 ), long-distance runner
  • Tiago ( born 1981 ), football player
  • Mário Felgueiras ( born 1986 ), football player
  • Luís Pedro Lourenço Martins, Portuguese actor


  • Images from Viana do Castelo

Avenida dos Combatentes da Grande Guerra; behind the Monte Santa Luzia with Sanctuary

Casa de João Lopes -o -Velho (15th century), now a museum of local history

Partial view of the surrounding wall of the old Castle of Sao Tiago da Barra ( " Rocchetta " )

Monument at the Rocchetta for 150th anniversary of the granting of the town charter to Viana

Igreja Matriz

Sanctuary of Monte Santa Luzia

Interior of the Sanctuary of Monte Santa Luzia

Church with azulejos jewelry in the district of Santa Luzia

Igreja da Senhora da Agonia

The circle


Viana do Castelo is the seat of the homonymous district. The neighboring districts are (clockwise starting from the north ): Caminha, Ponte de Lima, Barcelos and Esposende. In the west, the Atlantic Ocean to the municipality.

The following parishes ( freguesias ) are in Viana do Castelo:

  • Afife
  • Alvarães
  • Amonde
  • Areosa ( Viana do Castelo )
  • Barroselas
  • Cardielos
  • Carreço
  • Carvoeiro
  • Castelo do Neiva
  • Chafé
  • Darque ( Viana do Castelo )
  • Deao
  • Deocriste
  • Freixieiro de Soutelo
  • Geraz do Lima (Santa Leocádia )
  • Geraz do Lima (Santa Maria)
  • Lanheses
  • Mazarefes
  • Meadela ( Viana do Castelo )
  • Meixedo
  • Monserrate ( Viana do Castelo )
  • Montaria
  • Moreira de Geraz do Lima
  • Mujães
  • Neiva
  • Nogueira
  • Outeiro
  • Perre
  • Portela Susã
  • Santa Maria Maior ( Viana do Castelo )
  • Santa Marta de Portuzelo, formerly Portuzelo
  • Serre performance
  • Subportela
  • Torre
  • Vila de Punhe
  • Vila Franca
  • Vila Fria
  • Vila Mou
  • Vila Nova de Anha
  • Vilar de Murteda

Population Development

Abolition of bullfights

In 2009, Viana do Castelo, was the first Portuguese parish that abolished bullfighting on the grounds of animal cruelty. On August 19, 2012, the city Areosa, part of Viana do Castelo, was forced by the court to host a bullfighting event, although the council tried to prevent this. Defender Moura, Mayor was approved at the time the application for prohibition of bullfighting, criticized the court, there was a " disgraceful decision " like.