Ponte de Lima

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Ponte de Lima is a small town ( Vila ) and a circle ( concelho ) of northern Portugal Subregion Minho -Lima in the district of Viana do Castelo. 44 343 people live in it (as of 2001) to 320.8 km ².


Discoveries prove the settlement of the present county area since the Paleolithic. From the Neolithic period were found remains of tombs ( dolmens and Antas ). From the Bronze Age tools have been found. However, important excavations could not be made ​​, and only the archaeological excavation of the Wallburg Castro de S. Estêvão in the community since 1979 brought Facha detailed findings. Further excavations confirmed a sprawling settlement since the Iron Age, but the archaeological work has not yet progressed far enough to obtain a more accurate picture of the situation at that time in what is now the district.

From the 2nd century BC, the territory became Roman. A Roman road led across a local bridge over the river Lima, subsequently increased the strategic importance. From the 5th century AD. The place was part of the Western Goth, and was then part of the community Agilde in the administrative district ( " Pagus " ) Annove in Suebenreich. In the course of the following Arab conquest from the early 8th century the local population decreased significantly. With the onset of the Reconquista, the area was south of the Minho under Alfonso III. of Asturias ( 866-910 ) repopulated. Queen D.Teresa taught in the County of Portugal a number of new parties, including today's Ponte de Lima. They gave the place under its former name " Terra de Ponte " city rights in the year 1125th His first city rights ( Foral ) in the independent Kingdom of Portugal was the site in 1212 by King D.Afonso IV

Ponte de Lima remained even after consolidation of independent since 1139 Portugal, by the border proximity and its bridge of strategic importance, and its charter was renewed several times, as in 1326, 1332 and 1449th In the 14th century King D.Pedro let the I. secure location with city walls and nine city gates. Originally built by the Romans bridge was renewed and was considered the only safe crossing of Lima.

King Manuel I had major renovations in the Vila ( town ) perform and renewed in 1515, the city rights. In the course of population growth and the increasing spread of the place from the 18th century much of the city wall was demolished.

With the administrative reforms after Miguelistenkrieg mid-19th century a number of smaller parties were dissolved and the circle Ponte de Lima affiliated.

Culture and sights

The Museu dos Terceiros is housed António dos Frades and adjacent buildings in the former convent of Santo. The et al two churches, a garden and a cloister -scale museum complex, which focuses on sculptures in the 18th century, also shows religious art since the Middle Ages. 2007, it was reopened after extensive renovation and redesign. The Museu Rural Ponte de Lima is concerned with the rural traditions of the circle, especially the cultivation of maize and its characteristic traditional granary, the manufacture of linen, and the wine, in particular the Vinho Verde. This opened in 2012, Museu do Brinquedo Português is a museum that the history of toys in Portugal dedicated since the 19th century.

Since 2003, the Festival de Música e Ópera Clássica de Ponte de Lima is held every year, a festival of classical music and opera, with performances particularly in the Teatro Diogo Bernardes opened in 1896. Also hosts the annual from May to October, the Festival Internacional de Jardins de Ponte de Lima held an aligned since 2005, international garden show with changing thematic orientations.

Among the numerous monuments of the district include, among others historic public buildings and residential houses, Roman bridges, prehistoric excavations, and a variety of mansions and religious buildings. The historical town center as a whole is in Ponte de Lima under monument protection.


The sports club Limianos AD is known for its professional football team based in the Northern Group of the Third League plays (as of season 2012/ 2013). His roller hockey team is mentioned.



The seat of the district is located in the same place Ponte de Lima. The neighboring districts are (clockwise starting from the north ): Paredes de Coura, Arcos de Valdevez, Ponte da Barca, Vila Verde, Barcelos, Viana do Castelo, Caminha and Vila Nova de Cerveira.

The following municipalities ( Freguesias ) lying in circle Ponte de Lima:

  • Anais
  • Arca
  • Arcos
  • Arcozelo
  • Ardegão
  • Bárrio
  • Beiral do Lima
  • Bertiandos
  • Boalhosa
  • Brandara
  • Cabaços
  • Cabração
  • Calheiros
  • Calvelo
  • Cepões
  • Correlhã
  • Estorãos
  • Facha
  • Feitosa
  • Fojo Lobal
  • Fontão
  • Fornelos
  • Freixo
  • Friastelas
  • Gaifar
  • Gandra
  • Gemieira
  • Gondufe
  • Labruja
  • Labrujó
  • Mato
  • Moreira do Lima
  • Navio
  • Poiares
  • Ponte de Lima (municipality )
  • Queijada
  • Rebordões (Santa Maria)
  • Rebordões ( Souto )
  • Refóios do Lima
  • Rendufe
  • Ribeira
  • Sandiães
  • Santa Comba
  • Santa Cruz do Lima
  • Seara
  • Serdedelo
  • Vilar das Almas
  • Vilar do Monte
  • Vitorino das Donas
  • Vitorino dos Piães


Local holiday

  • September 20


  • Spain: Xinzo de Limia (since 1984)
  • France France: Châlette -sur -Loing in Canton Châlette -sur -Loing (since 1988)
  • France France: Vandoeuvre -lès -Nancy (since 1989)

Sons and daughters

  • Antônio Fernandes de Matos (1640-1701), builder, architect and entrepreneur in Brazil
  • Cristóvão Pereira de Abreu (1678-1755), an important actor in the colonial development of Brazil
  • António de Araújo e Azevedo (1754-1817), scientist, diplomat and politician, several times Minister
  • Francisco de São Luís Saraiva (1766-1845), Patriarch of Lisbon
  • Francisco de Melo da Gama de Araújo e Azevedo (1773-1859), military and colonial administrator
  • José Joaquim Marinho (1789-1858), surgeon, military and activists of liberalism
  • António Feijó (1859-1917), diplomat and writer
  • José Norton de Matos (1867-1955), military and politicians
  • Tomás Norton de Matos (1871-1943), physician and Republican politician
  • Teófilo Carneiro (1891-1949), writer and politician
  • Aníbal Marinho (1902-1994), journalist, author, musician and opposition politicians
  • João Ricardo ( b. 1949 ), musician
  • Fernando Pimenta (* 1989), canoeist, Olympic silver medalist in 2012