Aveiro (Portugal)

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Aveiro (IPA [ a'vɐiɾu ] ) is the capital of the district of Aveiro in northern Portugal. The city is situated on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean 60 km south of Porto on the southern shore of the Ria de Aveiro, which is located in the estuary of the Rio Vouga. Aveiro is the seat of a bishop and is because of the three channels Canal de São Roque, the Piramides Canal and Canal dos Santos Martires also called the Venice of Portugal.

  • 5.1 theater
  • 5.2 Museums
  • 5.3 Structures
  • 5.4 Regular events
  • 7.1 Aveiro
  • 7.2 Demographics
  • 7.3 Local holiday
  • 7.4 Town twinning


Dolmens and other finds indicate a prehistoric settlement. Salt production and trade by sea made ​​up the significance of the place. The Romans called the place Talabriga. Aveiro is officially mentioned in a document of Condessa Mumadona on February 26, 959 for the first time. The place was raised in the 13th century to the Vila.

Born in Aveiro in the 16th century Joao Affonso was one of the first navigator who visited the rich fishing grounds of Newfoundland, and to the local lucrative fishing took the fishermen of Aveiro soon active part. Consequently, the population grew to 14,000 inhabitants. During the same century, the Aveiro Cathedral was built and the city with its neighborhood of King John III. raised to a duchy, which belonged to the house Lancastro to 1720. The title of the Duke of Aveiro faded as the last carrier, Dom José de Mascarenhas da Silva e Lencastre, was cruelly executed for alleged treason on 13 January 1759.

Due to a storm the harbor silted up in 1575 so that the shipping and thus the fishing was severely impaired. Fertile land was marshy. The population continued until the end of the 18th century to around 3,500 people. Aveiro recovered only slowly. It was collected in 1759 to the city ( Cidade ). On April 3, 1808 a new harbor entrance was opened after several failed attempts. On July 7, 1864 Aveiro received by the opening of the Linha do Norte is a direct rail link to Lisbon and Porto. It set up a industrial development of the city, and it grew significantly. Today it is counted in the conurbation Porto.


Seesalzgewinnung, fishing and fishing for seaweed as a fertilizer are traditionally major industries in the city, but have now lost much of its meaning and are no longer operated in part. The main industries are metal processing Aveiro, porcelain, ceramic production, food industry, paper production and wood processing. Tourism has become more important.


In road traffic, Aveiro, reached by the A1, A17 and A25, which allow connections to Porto, Lisbon, Coimbra, Leiria and Viseu. The city has two ports: Aveiro - Sul and Aveiro Nativity.

In railway systems Aveiro has a station on the Linha do Norte, also found here The one-meter Linha do Vouga to Espinho their starting point.

The São Jacinto airport is located near Aveiro, the former military airfield now serves also sport aircraft, bus routes will take place no.

In Aveiro is a large sea port located with four terminals.

Public institutions


The University of Aveiro is one of the youngest universities in Portugal. It was founded in 1973. The campus is known for its architectural and urban quality. The University Library, for example, was designed by Álvaro Siza Vieira.

Leisure and sports facilities

The football stadium Estádio Municipal de Aveiro " Mario Duarte " in which took place several matches of the European Football Championship in 2004, is the home stadium of the football club SC Beira Mar.

Culture and sights

The park Jardim e Parque D. Pedro Infante is mentioned. In the channels, gondola rides are offered. The municipal facility Loja Buga, centrally located in front of the market hall Mercado Manuel Firmino and behind the shopping center Fórum offers free bike rental.


The Teatro Aveirense was founded in 1879. In 1881 the first theater building was completed. The current repertoire includes far more than just theater. Cinema programs on specific topics, as well as concerts and guest performances can be found as well as dance and exhibitions.


The Museu de Aveiro is located in the premises of the former monastery Mosteiro de Jesus, which was founded in 1458.


  • The Igreja de São Domingos cathedral
  • The church Igreja da Nossa Senhora de Apresentação
  • The stadium Estádio Municipal de Aveiro " Mario Duarte ", the venue for the 2004 European Championships

Regular events

  • The fish market Mercado do Peixe is held daily in the morning on the Praça do Peixe.
  • In July or August, the Festa da Ria takes place. On the day of a regatta Torreira is discharged to Aveiro. The flooding is expected at this time by 18 clock.
  • On Easter Sunday, a procession takes place through the district of Veracruz. The move is the way prepared with flowers and from the windows of the small fishermen's houses you are thrown from the often ancient inhabitants petals.


Traditionally, fish dishes and those with seafood in Aveiro popular. A nationally known, ancestry -only specialty is the Ovos Moles (German: soft-boiled eggs ), a sweet dish.

Today there are only simple and upscale restaurants and a variety of international fast food chains, but also vegetarian - vegan houses in the village, about the Talho vegetariano (German: vegetarian butcher ) with health food store in the central market hall Mercado Manuel Firmino, or the vegetarian Sonatura restaurant.



The district is bounded on the north of Aveiro Murtosa, in the northeast of Albergaria- a-Velha, in the east of Agueda, in the south of Oliveira do Bairro, in the southwest of Vagos and Ílhavo. To the west lies the Atlantic Ocean.

The following parishes ( freguesias ) combines the Aveiro:

  • Nossa Senhora de Fátima ( Aveiro)
  • Oliveirinha
  • Requeixo
  • São Bernardo ( Aveiro)
  • São Jacinto
  • Santa Joana ( Aveiro)
  • Vera Cruz ( Aveiro)


Local holiday


Aveiro has numerous international connections through twinning and cities friendships.

  • France - Arcachon, France, since 1989
  • Brazil - Belem, Brazil, since 1970
  • France - Bourges, France, since 1989
  • Spain - Ciudad Rodrigo, Spain, since 1989
  • Greece - Cholargos - Greece, since 2001
  • Brazil - Cubatão, Brazil, since 1997
  • Mozambique - Inhambane, Mozambique, since 1989
  • Japan - Oita, Japan, since 1978
  • Brazil - Pelotas, Brazil, since 1970
  • Mozambique - Pemba, Mozambique, since 1995
  • Cape Verde - Santa Cruz, Cape Verde, since 1993
  • Sao Tome and Principe - Santo António ( Príncipe ) - São Tomé and Príncipe, since 1988
  • Portugal - Viana do Castelo, Portugal, since 1910
  • Guinea -Bissau - Farim - Guinea- Bissau since 1992
  • Italy - Forli, Italy, since 1990
  • Tunisia - Mahdia - Tunisia, since 1998
  • People's Republic of China - Panyu - People's Republic of China, since 2000
  • Portugal - Viseu, Portugal, since 1977


Art Nouveau buildings in the historic center

Catedral de São Domingos

Interior of the Cathedral

Aveiro streets at night

Canal with traditional Moliceiros, boats for fishing and transport of algae

The central roundabout Alt- Aveiro on a bridge construction

Sons and daughters of the town

  • Fernão de Oliveira (1507-1581), a monk, a designer of ships and weapons, author and grammarian of the Renaissance
  • Antónia Rodrigues ( 1580 -? ), Is output as the man army leader
  • Miguel de Bulhões e Sousa (1706-1778), Bishop of Pará (Brazil) and in Leiria
  • José Estêvão Coelho de Magalhães (1809-1862), lawyer, journalist and politician
  • José Manuel Mendes Leite (1809-1887), lawyer, journalist and politician
  • Joaquim da Costa Cascais (1815-1898), military, poet and playwright
  • Agostinho Coelho (1828-1888), colonial administrator, Governor of Mozambique and Guinea- Bissau
  • Augusto Soromenho (1833-1878), philologist, teacher and journalist
  • José Luciano de Castro (1834-1914), politician, several times Prime Minister
  • Maria Vicente de Moura Coutinho de Almeida d' Eca (1852-1929), admiral, historian, oceanographer and politicians
  • João Augusto Marques Gomes (1853-1931), writer
  • Jaime de Magalhães Lima (1859-1936), writer, poet and literary critic
  • Francisco Manuel Homem Cristo (1860-1943), military, university teacher and Republican politician
  • Couceiro Francisco da Costa (1870-1925), politician and jurist, governor Portuguese India, republican minister
  • João Evangelista de Lima Vidal (1874-1958), Bishop of Luanda and of Aveiro
  • José Maria Barbosa de Magalhães (1878-1959), lawyer and politician, repeated Republican ministers, opposition to the Salazar dictatorship
  • Mário Duarte (1900-1982), football player and diplomat
  • Fernando Pessa (1902-2002), radio and television journalist, was honored in 2002 as the oldest journalist in the world
  • Vasco Vieira da Costa (1911-1982), architect, worked mainly in Angola
  • Carlos Nóbrega e Sousa (1913-2001), composer of light music
  • José Afonso (1929-1987), an important singer and composer, author of the revolutionary song Grândola, Vila Morena
  • José Oliveira e Costa ( born 1935 ), economist, bank managers and politicians
  • Carlos Candal (1938-2009), lawyer and socialist politician
  • António Coutinho ( b. 1946 ), immunologist, university teachers and researchers
  • Rosa Alice Branco ( born 1950 ), poet
  • José Monteiro ( born 1956 ), painter and plastic artist
  • José Manuel Canavarro (born 1965 ), psychologist and politician
  • Carlos Secretário (born 1970 ), football player and coach
  • Joana Serrado (* 1979), writer
  • José Pedro Leitão ( born 1979 ), musician, member of Deolinda
  • Arnaldo Edi Lopes da Silva ( b. 1982 ), football player
  • Filipe Bernardes Artur Moreira ( born 1984 ), football player
  • Diogo Jorge Moreno Valente ( born 1984 ), football player
  • Pedro Guerreiro de Jesus Correia (* 1987), football player
  • Margarida Martinho (* 1989), actress
  • Mariana Martinho (* 1989), model and actress, twin sister of Margarida Martinho

José Estêvão Coelho de Magalhães

Luciano de Castro

Jaime de Magalhães Lima

Fernando Pessa

D.João Evangelista de Lima Vidal

Graffiti José Afonso 's in Aveiro, 2013