Samos is a town on the Camino de Santiago in the province of Lugo of the Autonomous Community of Galicia.
Samos ' history is intimately connected with the monastery because the village grew up around the monastery of San Xulián y Basilisa de Samos. Its foundation is to go back to Martin of Braga, who pushed the rejection of Arianism in Visigothic epoch of the Iberian Peninsula. The name comes from Samos Samanos, possibly designated a place that was inhabited by a religious community. To 714 the monastery was abandoned a short time, until I began Fruela Arxerico as abbot. The later King Alfonso the Chaste, grew up here and hid here after the assassination of his father Fruela I in the year 768 before the murder of his uncle plans Mauregato.
The monastery was enlarged several times, especially after him Pope Alexander III. 1175 in a papal bull rights over 105 churches throughout the kingdom acknowledged.
During the Spanish War of Independence against Napoleon in the early 19th century, the monastery served as a military hospital. By Desarmortisationsdekrete of Juan Álvarez Mendizábal the monastery was dispossessed and abandoned by the monks. In 1880 they returned.
1951 burned large parts from the monastery, as the distilling a tank full of alcohol caught fire. After the reconstruction originated in 1957, the wall paintings in the cloister, which depict the life of Saint Benedict.
- Monastery of San Xulián y Basilisa de Samos monastery complex in the Renaissance and Baroque
- Capilla del Salvador / Capilla del Ciprés Saviour or cypress chapel, 9th - 10th Century, originally located in the walled grounds of the monastery Mozarabic Chapel in the shadow of a nearly thousand -year-old cypress