Blekinge is a historical province ( landskap Swedish ) in southern Sweden.
In the present administrative divisions of Sweden that corresponds to the province of Blekinge County. Largest city and capital of the province on the Hanöbukten is Karlskrona. Other major cities are Karlshamn, Ronneby, Sölvesborg and Olofström. In Kallinge at Ronneby is a military and civilian airport.
In the north, on the border to Småland, the country raises 130 to 180 meters above the sea level. From this area, the terrain slowly lowers to the south and east towards the Baltic Sea. In the northern area of the ground is poor in nutrients with rocky hills and swamps, where grow mainly conifers. In the central region, with its many lakes and much more in the coastal zone occur on nutrient-rich soils with deciduous trees, of which especially the beech is pretty common nowadays. The waters of Blekinge mainly flow southwards. The southern coast has preceded a wide archipelago and is characterized by numerous bays.
Blekinge belonged until 1658 to Denmark and was a long time host of various space battles between the Danish and the Swedish Empire. Even though many cities and villages were looted or burnt down. With the Peace of Roskilde Blekinge went along with Skåne and Halland in Sweden.
With the Swedish Great Power period Blekinge experienced its strongest bloom. 1680 the naval port of Karlskrona was created, and ten years later the place was Sweden's third largest city. The sheltered location in the archipelago of Blekinge, where few defenses to protect the place were sufficient and the presence of many oaks inland contributed to the choice of location for the naval port. At the same time, Karlshamn arose; but existing sites such Ronneby and Sölvesborg were inhibited in their development. Karlshamn Karlskrona and took the place of the nearby medieval trading centers LYCKA and Elleholm. In the 18th century a quarter of the population lived in cities in Blekinge, which was unusually high at this time. After the development of the province was slower than in the rest of Sweden, and agricultural areas, such as fruit growing again dominated the economy.
- Flower: Mullein ( Verbascum thapsus Latin )
- Animal: Stag beetle (Lucanus cervus )
- Vogel: Nuthatch ( Sitta europaea)
- Fish: cod ( Gadus morhua )
- Fungus: Giant Polypore
- Stone: Blekinge coastal gneiss