KB G ( Bonn Gbf )
- Left Rhine line (km 31.9 ) ( KBS 470)
- Voreifelbahn (km 0.0) ( KBS 475 )
Bonn Hauptbahnhof is a railway station in Bonn on the Rhine's left track and at the same time the endpoint Voreifelbahn. He belongs to the train station and Category 2 has IC, EC and ICE connections. Under the Deutsche Bahn railway station is a stop of light rail Bonn. Keep daily at Bonn Central Station about 70 long-haul and 165 commuter trains. Around 40,000 travelers using the station daily for import, export or transfer.
The first station in Bonn was opened in 1844 in the course of construction of the left Rhine route between Bonn and Cologne by the Bonn- Cölner railroad. About ten years later, on January 21, 1856, the extension of the left Rhine route towards the south of Bonn until Rolandseck station was put into operation. As of 1870, the Trajektbahn ended up on the right side of the Rhine at Bonn railway station. With the opening of Voreifelbahn to Euskirchen in June 1880, the station finally became a hub. In the years 1883-1884 a new station building was built, which is a protected monument today.
A sudden increase in importance witnessed the station in 1949, when Bonn was the capital. Many politicians and civil servants were traveling by train, initially also state guests were received. Thus, traveled on 8 November 1954, the Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie as the first state guest of the still young Federal Republic of Germany in his special train to Bonn and was received there on track 1 of the Federal President Heuss.
After Bonn in 1969 was increased significantly by incorporations and now the stations Bad Godesberg, Beuel, Duisdorf, Upper Kassel and Mehlem lay on the Bonn area, the train station in the summer of 1971 was renamed the main train station in Bonn.
North-west of the passenger station was a railway station part one today disused goods yard with a small marshalling yard, which was partially deconsecrated December 12, 2001, the Federal Railway Authority and still partially dismantled. The remaining tracks are used for overhaul of freight trains and as a parking area for tacking trains and parked rakes of wagons.
Right next to the main train station was located until 1985, the banks of the Rhine Station of the Cologne-Bonn railways. As part of the light rail construction in the early 1970s, the existing building was demolished before the station and redesigned. The design of the station forecourt was in the Bonn public very soon the subject of intense controversy and there were several initiatives to redesign.
During the planning phase of the high-speed line Cologne-Rhine/Main a route of the planned new route across the Bonn Central Station, has been controversial in the 1980s and early 1990s. It was planned to a tunnel under the city. This tunnel should begin in the northern periphery and allow in 35 m depth below the main railway station trains to stop. After passing under the government district and the Rhine, the route should finally reach the Seven Mountains and follow from there to the favored by the then German Federal Railroad variant 0 over Limburg an der Lahn to Frankfurt am Main. The additional cost of this variant were estimated at about half a billion euros. In addition, a line along the route the train station city of Bonn was discussed. This would be the route in the Logebachtal at Aegidienberg, close to the A3, immersed in a 14 km- long tunnel. Today Bonn is achievable indirectly through, from Bonn central station by tram (line 66 ), tied station Siegburg / Bonn to the high-speed line. Despite these leading past Bonn ICE line with the Siegburg / Bonn station Bonn Hbf is still an important long-distance transport stop today.
In December 2012 ( track 1 ) was found in a parked pocket an explosive device on the main platform. The station was then locked and defused the explosive device.
As part of the expansion and upgrading of Voreifelbahn two new tracks and six new course built in the second half of 2013 in the former goods station Bonn to disentangle the traits of Voreifelbahn with the trains across the river Rhine route.
The Bonn Hauptbahnhof is the main railway station of Bonn. He has five platform tracks, the platforms have a height of 76 cm. Their length is on the tracks 1 to 3 400 m. The two platforms on the tracks 4 and 5 have a length of 200 m and 255 m. Therefore, no long-distance traffic is handled at these tracks. Normally keep on track 1, all local and long-distance trains in Cologne. The only exception is the ending to track 2 in Bonn Central Station ICE. This divides his time between Berlin and Bonn, in rare cases, this also runs only to Cologne Central Station. In addition to track 2 also ends the Rhein- Ahr -Bahn. From track 3 go all local and long-distance trains south towards Koblenz from, except for the Rhein- Ahr- train, which runs from track 4 from over Remagen to Ahrbrück. Start at track 5 and end all local trains of Voreifelbahn.
Daily hold around 80 long-distance trains at Bonn Hauptbahnhof. The station is served by the following long-distance lines:
The following table lists the Intercity Express routes are listed, which run through the Bonn Hauptbahnhof. Splits a set in two rows, so the ICE is winged there on two routes.
Intercity and Euro City
In addition, operating in Bonn also a regional express line as well as several regional rail lines:
Light rail (Bonn Hauptbahnhof ( deep) )
- Main line ( Stadtbahn Bonn)
Below the station building there is a metro station of the Bonn Stadtbahn. The four-track station was opened in April 1979 - four years after the connected tunnel towards Bad Godesberg. The metro station is designed as an underground intersection of a north-south axis with an east -west axis and is frequented daily by about 50,000 passengers. To the north, two access routes are available ( to Bonn and West to the town house ), to the south there are connections for three routes ( direction Universität / Markt, after Dottendorf and a previously unused for the planned Hardtbergbahn ). Trains in north-south direction should here can cross trains in east-west direction height freely at the same platform. Because of the three southern ports currently only one is realized, the plant currently operates slightly oversized. The tunnel nozzle direction Dottendorf is used as a reversible system, the. For Hardtbergbahn for killing the last remaining in Bonn Achtachsers The four tracks are two central platforms, where originally the east- west lines (axis B) at the inner and the north-south lines (axis A) should adhere to the outer tracks.
The metro station is a futuristic designed by former standards, the colors silver gray (ceiling and exterior walls ) and blue ( bottom and inner walls ) dominate. Is the so-called art rail on the outside walls. It includes the logos of metros from around the world, attached to the inner walls in the 1990s symbols of world religions and children's images of various deities. In addition, the metro station is provided as shelter for NBC emergencies. It has its own water and electricity supply and sanitary facilities (toilets and showers). However, only minimal maintenance is carried out, which is why these civil defense establishment is currently not available.
Originally there were only on the outer tracks high-level platforms. Since ended on the inner tracks, a tram line, there were flat platforms that were prepared for a later increase. After setting the tram line 64, the inner platforms were raised in 1997 on a weekend. This left one-third of the platform at the initial level in order to continue to let it end there with disorders trams can. This was possible because the bus stop is about 100 meters long, the B-car - tractions employed but only 60 meters.
Between the inauguration of the city railway tunnel in 1975 and the completion of the main railway station in 1979, the city tracks ended at a single-track temporary stop at the main station, which was located in the track ahead of today's main railway station under the ZOB. After taking a light-rail supply operation to Cologne ( line 16) this system was the cause of many delays in the network. The Metro Station is associated with twin-track turning facility, which is located south below the central bus station, represents the lowest point of the Bonn Subway