Chuncheon ( Kor. flow of spring, former German transcription Tschungtschon ) is the capital of Gangwon Province in South Korea. It has 273 130 inhabitants.
Tourism plays an important role, since Chuncheon is located in scenic surroundings and get many trippers from Seoul.
By 940 the city is occupied under various names. From 940-1413 she was Chunju ( 춘주 ;春 州), since 1413 Chuncheon.
1896 Chuncheon was in the course of the recovery of the Korean provinces capital Gangwon- dos. Until the dissolution of the Korean provinces in 1895, the further south Wonju provincial capital had been.
Between 1910 and 1945, when Korea was part of the Japanese Empire, the town was officially the Japanese name Shunsen (Japanese春川), which corresponds to the Sino- Japanese pronunciation of the Korean Hanja.
During the Korean War, the location near the 38th parallel Chuncheon was largely destroyed and then rebuilt.
1995 Chuncheon was combined with the same circle surrounding it.
Chuncheon is connected with the capital Seoul by only a few years old railway line which runs to 30% in tunnels. The journey of modern trains with device class is from Seoul - Yongsan 74 minutes, from Seoul Cheongnyangni about an hour. They leave every hour. The old route, which largely followed the course of the Han River and had a running time of 2 1 /2 hours, was shut down. In contrast to the high-speed lines, such as to Busan, where the trains can reach up to 300 km / h is the distance to Chuncheon with max. 180 km / h cruise. Approximately half the distance of the route is also one of the nine subway lines in Seoul.
Between Chuncheon and Seoul capital of Gyeongchun Expressway runs. By this highway both cities are connected to little more than an hour's drive, calculated from Seoul city limits.