Harrisburg is the capital of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. The city is located in Dauphin County in the southeast of the state on the Susquehanna River. On October 12, 2011, Harrisburg declared insolvent.
Originally the town was named Herris Ferry ( Harry was the name of the founder of the city). In 1785 it received its present name in 1812 and became the capital of the state of Pennsylvania.
The city of Harrisburg has become in 1979, world famous by the accident at the nuclear power plant at Three Mile Iceland, which happened in the neighboring town of Middletown.
- 7.1 External links
- 7.2 Notes and references
Harrisburg is connected via three highways to the Interstate highway system. The toll Interstate 76 (Pennsylvania Turnpike ) connects the city with Pittsburgh and Philadelphia. It runs about 4 miles south of the city center in west-east direction, crossing the Susquehanna. The Interstate 81 from Tennessee to New York City is approximately parallel to it and about the same distance on the other side of town. The Interstate 83 from Baltimore reach the city from the south; it proceeds west of the Susquehanna River, crosses Interstate 76, then leads immediately to the south of the city center over the river and leads eventually to the northeast of the city in the Interstate 81
From Interstate 83 branches in the city area from three other without crossing -developed arterial roads. The Harrisburg Expressway leads northwest to Interstate 81, Interstate 76, Interstate 283 run in a southeasterly direction, and U.S. Highway 15 in southwestern direction. Similarly also expanded the U.S. Highway 22 along the Susqehanna north and the Pennsylvania State Route 283 to the southeast as an extension of Interstate 283
Harrisburg is one of the most important railway junction of Pennsylvania with a passenger and a plurality of operating stations, two container terminals and a yard. Further, spanning three railway bridges of the Susquehanna. From Harrisburg from lead routes to Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Baltimore, to Lake Erie, and to Reading and Hagerstown. The route to Philadelphia is the only electrified.
The passenger station Harrisburg Transportation Center is just east of the city center. It is served by Amtrak long distance once a day in each direction in the relation New York - Philadelphia - Harrisburg -Pittsburgh ( Pennsylvanian ). After an additional 14 pairs of trains a day operate Philadelphia. Terms of passenger traffic, he was (2007) with 465,000 passengers the second largest passenger station in Pennsylvania behind the 30th Street Station in Philadelphia. A transport system with Linear Star Harrisburg is planned.
Freight transport is mainly handled by the Norfolk Southern. The city is named after its Harrisburg Division. The Canadian Pacific Railway runs from north to Harrisburg ago.
The transport in the region is handled by the Capitol Area Transit ( CAT), which operates a route network with 26 buses and four other express buses for commuters. The central bus station is located on the Market Square in the city center. The intercity buses of Greyhound Lines, Capitol Trailways, Fullington Trailways, and Susquehanna Trailways run from from passenger station in numerous more distant large and medium cities.
Nearby Harrisburg's two airports, both of which are operated by the Susquehanna Area Regional Airport Authority ( Saraa ) lie.
The Harrisburg International Airport is located approximately 8 miles ( 12.9 kilometers ) southeast of the city on the east bank of the Susquehanna River in the town of Middletown. It is served by several airlines offering direct flights in 15 cities on the East Coast and in the Midwest of the USA and Canada. They also play an important role in the air cargo, especially the parcel post. In terms of passenger and cargo traffic he is behind Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, the third largest airport in Pennsylvania.
About three miles (4.8 km) south of the city center and across the river is the Capital City Executive Airport. It is mainly the neighboring Defense Distribution Center, a major logistics center of the armed forces of the United States. But he is also certified for civil aviation and is used for private flights.
Economy and Finance
Mismanagement in particular in connection with the construction of a lack of utilization high losses generating incinerator, the city has financially ruined. On 12 October 2011 Harrisburg has officially announced its insolvency after outstanding bonds could not be repaid. The debt amounted last five times the tax revenue.
In Harrisburg there is the Dauphin County Law Library.
- Israel Ma'alot, Israel
- Mexico Pachuca de Soto, Mexico
Sons and daughters of the town
- Kurt Angle ( born 1968 ), professional wrestler
- Alice Aycock ( born 1946 ), sculptor
- Cleve Benedict ( b. 1935 ), politician, Congressman for West Virginia
- Glenn Branca ( born 1948 ), avant-garde composer and guitarist
- Earl Burtnett (1899-1936), pianist and big band leader
- Adam Chubb ( b. 1981 ), basketball player
- Marques Colston ( b. 1983 ), football player
- David Conner (1792-1856), naval officer
- Bob Davies (1920-1990), basketball player
- Art Davis (1934-2007), double bass player
- Barney Ewell (1918-1996), athlete and Olympic champion
- Carmen Finestra ( born 1947 ), film and television producer and actor
- Craig P. First ( b. 1960 ), composer and music educator
- James Allen Gähres ( b. 1944 ), conductor
- Newt Gingrich ( born 1943 ), politician, congressman for Georgia
- Simon Girty (1741-1818), Indian Warrior white, European descent
- Dennis Green ( b. 1949 ), football coach
- Dan Hartman (1950-1994), rock multi-instrumentalist
- Winston Hibler (1910-1976), screenwriter, film producer and director as well as actor and off-speakers
- Nancy Kulp (1921-1991), actress and comedian
- Barry B. Longyear (* 1942), science fiction author
- Eric Mabius (born 1971 ), actor
- Ben Olsen ( born 1977 ), football player in Major League Soccer
- Kimberly Peirce (born 1967 ), director and screenwriter
- Jill Pipher ( born 1955 ), mathematician
- Timothy Plowman (1944-1989), botanist
- Alexander Ramsey (1815-1903), politician, U.S. Secretary of War and Senator for Minnesota
- Jean Shiley Newhouse (1911-1998), high jumper
- Marlin Skiles (1906-1981), pianist, arranger and composer
- Michele Smith, Model
- John Quincy Stewart (1894-1972), an astrophysicist
- Amy Tran ( born 1980 ), field hockey player
- Bobby Troup (1918-1999), jazz pianist of the swing, songwriter and actor