Incheon International Airport
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The Incheon International Airport (IIA ) ( 인천 국제 공항, Incheon Gukje Gongshang ) is the largest airport in South Korea and one of the largest in Asia. It is located on the island belonging to Incheon Yeongjongdo in the Yellow Sea, 52 kilometers west of Seoul. Operating company is the Incheon International Airport Corporation.
The Incheon International Airport is the hub of Korean Air, Asiana Airlines and Cargo 360 The airport was opened in 2001, replacing international traffic in the Gimpo International Airport. Gimpo is now serving, apart from flights to Tokyo International Airport and Shanghai Hongqiao Airport, only inter-Korean flights.
The airport is the backbone of international civil air transport and air freight shipments in East Asia. It is measured by the volume of traffic, the seventh largest airport in Asia behind Tokyo Haneda Airport ( Tokyo ), Beijing (Peking ) Airport, Hong Kong International Airport ( Hong Kong) Suvarnabhumi Airport (Bangkok ), Singapore ( Singapore ) Airport, and Narita Airport ( near Tokyo ).
The 130 Expressway links the airport to the mainland, part of which is the Yeongjong bridge. In addition, there since October 2009, a second road link over the Incheon Bridge. There are regular bus services to all of South Korea, as well as ferries to Incheon and other nearby ports.
In addition, a highway between Incheon and Gimpo International Airport was completed, connecting the domestic air traffic and the international airport. An improvement that makes it much easier to travel from South Korean regions to Incheon, and from there to all airports in the world. The Incheon International Airport Railroad connection to Gimpo International Airport connects the two airports in more than 30 minutes driving time. Extensions to the Seoul Central Station followed by the end of 2010.
As a special feature the recognizable from a great height lettering INCHEON are applied in 40 meter high white letters in the approach paths to the north and south.
Already the AETRA passenger survey in 2005 revealed that the airport is the best airport in its category. The airport was presented at the First International Conference on Airport Quality and Service by the IATA and ACI also the price Best service. He arrived in 2007 to second place in the category of Best Airport Worldwide, behind the Hong Kong airport, but before the Singapore airport. Finally, in 2009 he was able to advance to the first place. This result is based on a survey of 8.6 million passengers on more than 190 airports worldwide. 2011, the airport by Airports Council International was again voted the best airport in the world for its quality of service.
- February 1992: Release of the overall plan
- November 1992: Phase I construction and preparation of the infrastructure
- July 1994: Completion of the North and Süddamms
- March 1996: Formal naming: Incheon International Airport
- May 1996: Construction of the passenger terminal
- December 1996: Construction of the runway system
- June 30, 2000: Completion of the main buildings
- July 2000: start of the test phase
- November 2000 announcing the opening
- March 29, 2001: Official Opening
- 2002: Construction of the Phase II
- 2011-2015 (expected ): Development using 3.13 billion U.S. $.