Itxassou (Basque: Itsasu ) is a village in the French Basque Country with 2018 inhabitants ( 1 January 2011) in the department of Pyrénées- Atlantiques in the Aquitaine region. It belongs to Arrondissement Bayonne, Espelette to the canton and community association Errobi.
- 3.1 Church
- 4.1 Road Access
The community Itxassou located south of the historic province of Labourd in the western Pyrenees, 19 km east of the coastal town of Bayonne. The territory of Itxassou comprises a portion of Nivetales and the surrounding foothills of the Pyrenees. The Nive breaks through on their river to the north at the height of Itxassou one last mountain latch and forms up to 250 m high rocky shore, before it enters a flatter terrain from Cambo- les- Bains with a lower flow rate. In the district Laxia of some eight kilometer mountain river Ruisseau du Laxia joins the Nive. In the headwaters of the Ruisseau du Laxia near the Spanish border stands the Artzamendi, with 926 m the highest elevation in the municipality Itxassou.
To Itxassou include the districts and hamlets Le Bourg, Tellery, Errobi, Errobisola, Laxia, Haranéa, Orkazberroa and Olhaénéa.
Itxassou bordered to the north by Cambo- les- Bains, on the east by Louhossoa, on the southeast by Bidarray, to the south by Baztan (Spain ) and in the west at Espelette.
The Basque name Itsasu is derived from the Basque word for spider ( Itsas, Itxas ). In 1264 the city emerges as Ytssassu. In topographical dictionary Bearn -Basque from 1863 is called the community Itsatsou. 1453 - during the reign of Charles VII - Itxassou came with the province Labourd as Domaine royal ( crown domain ) to France.
In 1650 the Gorria cultivation came to Itxassou.
- Several stone circles, stone circle like Megalithformationen from the Neolithic or Bronze Age: Cromlech d' Arluxatta, Monument historique
- Cromlech d' Iuskadi, Monument historique
- Cromlech de Meatse, Monument historique
- Cromlech de Meatseko - Biskarra, Monument historique
- Cromlechs de Zelaïou, Monument historique
- Church of St. Fructuosus in Itxassou
The Church of St. Fructuosus ( Église Saint- Fructueux ) dates from the 17th century. She is with her watchable interior (Forum and Gallery on three floors with wood carvings ), and classified as a monument historique sculptures around the church.
Economy and infrastructure
In Itxassou there is next to farms numerous craft and service companies as well as small and medium-sized industrial enterprises. The latter have settled particularly in the industrial area ( zone d' activité ) Errobi. Nationally known is the community for the Gorria production - a chili variety that is not freshly ground or powder in the Basque cuisine indispensable ( Bacalao a la Vizcaina, Stock fish in chili sauce, Chorizo a la Sidra, chorizo cooked in cider). Other specialties include the cherries of Itxassou that are even seen on the arms of the municipality and the Ossau Iraty, a sheep's milk cheese traditionally produced. Every Thursday is market day on the Place du Fronton Itxassou. Tourism also has developed in Itxassou. There currently are 1128 beds in hotels, guest houses and apartments available. In addition, there is a campsite with 228 pitches.
By Itxassou performs remote road from the metropolitan area Bayonne -Anglet -Biarritz the Nivetal up to Saint -Jean -Pied -de-Port. Parallel to the main road runs the 1898 completed railway line from Bayonne to Saint -Jean -Pied -de-Port. The Itxassou Train Station is on the right bank of the Nive. More road connections are available to Espelette and Cambo- les- Bains.