Jean-Pierre Raffarin

Jean -Pierre Raffarin [ ʒɑpjɛ ː ʀ ʀafaʀɛ ] ( born August 3, 1948 in Poitiers) is a French politician (UMP ).


Jean -Pierre Raffarin 's son Jean Raffarin, who was Pierre Mendès-France 1954 State Secretary in the Ministry of Agriculture in the government. He studied law in Paris and received his diploma in 1972 from ESCP -EAP ( Ecole Supérieure de Commerce de Paris). Then he did an internship of less than a year in the soap factory Fébor on the Eure.

Career in business

Contrary to the common pattern of many politicians Raffarin has spent a significant part of his career in the private sector: he was from 1973 to 1976 a member of the Marketing Directorate of cafes Jacques Vabre, while he was Secretary General of Giscardistischen youth. Between 1976 and 1981 he was employed by the national employment agency ANPE.

When in 1978 his father retired from the mortgage lender Crédit Immobilier de la Vienne Rural, which he had founded in 1956, Jean -Pierre Raffarin was there president. He benefited during the 1980s by a wave of mergers of its mortgage bank where he became the President of the Crédit Immobilier de Poitou -Charentes President of the Crédit Immobilier de France Centre- Ouest. His mortgage company now belongs to the mortgage bank Crédit Immobilier de France.

Political career

From 1988 to 2002 he was president of the Poitou-Charentes Regional Council, which he was a member since 1986. 1995 to 1997 he was Minister of Small and Medium Enterprises, Commerce and Crafts. Since 1995, Raffarin member of the Senate, the second chamber of parliament. From 1989 to 1995 he was MEP for the Civil Group in Strasbourg and Brussels, where he worked among others with trade issues.

Municipal Politically, he was since 1977 as a member of the city council of Poitiers active 1995-2001 then as deputy mayor of Chasseneuil -du -Poitou.

Prime minister

After his re-election and the subsequent resignation of the Jospin government, President Jacques Chirac Jean -Pierre Raffarin appointed on 6 May 2002 to the Prime Minister, who was the Cabinet I Raffarin. After the parliamentary elections in June 2002, who won the newly established UMP, led by Chirac and Raffarin, Raffarin was confirmed in his office and was the largely unchanged cabinet Raffarin II Raffarin's policy combined communication, authority and neoliberalism. 2003, the French government implemented the reform of the pension system and decentralization, which caused many strikes.

On March 28, 2004 his ruling UMP suffered a heavy defeat in regional elections: all mainland regions to the Alsace went to the opposition parties, PS ( Socialists ), PCF ( Communist ) and Les Verts ( Green ). This was commonly - seen as a gesture of mistrust on the part of the voters against his government - by Raffarin itself. Two days later, Raffarin President Chirac offered the resignation of his government. This commissioned immediately Raffarin with the formation of the government. On March 31, Raffarin presented a new cabinet (cabinet Raffarin III) without those ministers who had even known errors, such as Luc Ferry and Jean -François Mattei.

During a state visit on 21 April 2005 in the People's Republic of China Raffarin supported the new anti- secession law - in which the People's Republic of themselves empowered themselves to the invasion of an independent Taiwan - and continued his campaign for European arms sales continued to the People's Republic of China.

After the summer of 2003 when a heat wave a few thousand old people in the nursing homes had died, all parties came thick with proposals for the rehabilitation of the elderly. They culminated in an appeal from the President to the solidarity of all to overcome the problems, which the general public welcomed. Raffarin then submitted with regard to the legislation on the German care insurance ( in the Day of Atonement was abolished as a public holiday in Germany ), a law before which abolished the Whit Monday as a public holiday and the employee loaded, but not the employer. Two weeks before the appointed by President Chirac referendum on the European Constitution was first worked on a Whit Monday, which is not exactly promoted the affirmation of the referendum. Strikes were the result. One million workers did not work on 16 May 2005 in France.

Following the rejection of the French referendum on the EU constitution, which took place on 29 May 2005, Raffarin presented on 31 May 2005 in his resignation. The referendum has been used by many Frenchmen also to resentment statement about the government's policy. President Chirac, who drew no conclusions from the vote defeat yourself, therefore, to reshuffle the government intended. The unpopular and increasingly weary of office Raffarin did not want to stand in the way and stepped back. Chirac, who had counted on the resignation and did not want to hold on to Raffarin, accepted the resignation. In many cases, the view was expressed that Raffarin thus took over the role of the scapegoat. His successor as head of government was the previous Interior Minister Dominique de Villepin.

Raffarin is known for its optimistic aphorisms, ironically as " Raffarinades " ( Raffarinaden ) denotes the best known is ". La route est droite, mais la pente est forte " ( The road is straight, but the slope is strong. )

After the term of office as Prime Minister

Jean -Pierre Raffarin was elected to the Senate in a special election in September 2005, which he has been a member since then. For the general public, Raffarin retired, but still graduated in the 2007 election campaign numerous appearances for the UMP and the presidential candidate Nicolas Sarkozy. After his election as president and a reform of party committees, Jean -Pierre Raffarin, vice president of UMP, the actual party leadership was the Secretary General of the UMP. In September 2008, Raffarin was running for the office of President of the Senate, but was defeated in the preliminary vote of the Group of UMP Gérard Larcher. In February 2010 he turned down an offer of Sarkozy, French Ambassador in China to be from.

For the Party Congress of the UMP in November 2012 Raffarin was one of the first signatories of the "France moderne et humaniste " program. In the vote on the currents these received 18 percent of the vote and reached # 3 The choice of party president was Raffarin as supporters of Jean- Francois Cope. After weeks of controversy over the election succeeded Raffarin on December 16 2012, to mediate a compromise between the two candidates for the party presidency.