Poitiers [ pwat'je ] is the capital of the French department of Vienne ( Poitou-Charentes region ). It lies on the River Clain and counts 87 906 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2011).

Because of its 78 listed building, cultural monuments, she was awarded the title city of art and history.

  • 5.1 Town twinning
  • 5.2 Partnerships between schools
  • 6.1 universities
  • 7.1 Sons and daughters
  • 7.2 people with relationship to the city


The city is of Celtic origin: The tribe of Piktonen founded the oppidum Lemonum. Under Roman rule Poitiers was Pictavium.

In the battle of Tours and Poitiers ( 732) of the Franks ruler Charles Martel stopped the further advance of the Moors to Central Europe.

1356, the French King John was captured after the battle of Maupertuis between England and France in Poitiers the Good.

Charles VII, founded in 1431, the University of Poitiers.

Poitiers was the capital of Poitou, the historical region that was ruled by the Count of Poitiers; The city is the seat of the Archdiocese of Poitiers.

Coat of arms

Description: Argent, a red lion surrounded by a black board with five golden balls to the blue shield with three main beam pointing golden lilies reaching.


Poitiers has prehistoric and ancient monuments such as the Pierre levée de Poitiers ( Dolmen ) in the later Roman road to Avaricum ( Bourges ) and Lugdunum (Lyon ) and remains one of the largest Roman arenas (early 1st century, the original 150 × 130 m). A consecration inscription for the Gallic God Adsmerius was also found here.

From the 12-13. Century come the remains of the former fortifications, which are known as "Wall of Eleanor of Aquitaine ". Were preserved parts of the city wall and the built in the Valley of Boivre towers. The latter accommodate present means of the postal authority.

Another drawcard is seven kilometers north of Poitiers, which at the time inspired by the Cité des sciences et de l'industrie Futuroscope.

Secular buildings and monuments

The former residence of the Counts of Poitiers has its established towards the end of the Middle Ages, "Tour Maubergeon " preserves called Donjon. Today it accommodates the Palace of Justice.

Also preserved the towers of the castle of Jean I de Berry, the castle at the confluence of the Clain Clain and Boivre.

Are in the Old Town, particularly in the area of ​​Rue de la Chaîne, the Place du marché Notre -Dame, the Rue de la Regratterie and Rue des Vieilles Boucheries find numerous beautiful half-timbered houses.

Among the so-called " Hôtels Particuliers ", that is where the city palaces of the upper middle class, the Hôtel Fumé and the Hôtel Berthelot are in the Rue de la Chaîne call, where currently the Faculty of History and Humanities at the University is located, and the Hôtel you Puyarreau.

Also worth seeing are the Town Hall, the statue of "Notre -Dame des Dunes " and the copy of the Statue of Liberty, erected in memory of General Jean -Baptiste Berton at the former site of the pillory, where the general was guillotined in 1822.

Religious buildings

From an art historical importance are the early Christian Baptistery of St. Jean ( the core 6th century with possibly older predecessors ), one of the oldest religious buildings in France, the Romanesque churches of St. Hilaire- le- Grand and Sainte- Radegonde that the presence of eminent personalities in Poitiers, as the holy Church teacher Hilary of Poitiers and St. Radegund, wife of Chlothar are due to I., and the church of Notre- Dame la Grande.

  • The time of origin of the later baptismal Baptistery Saint- Jean, originally set up in a Roman house, is already dated by new investigations and dendrochronological data in the 5th century. The first phase with the square hall of the present Baptistery could belong to the 6th century after the appearance of the plant.
  • The Romanesque is assigned to be in the place of the oratory and the tomb of St. Hilary of Poitiers ( † 367), built basilica of Saint- Hilaire- le- Grand Monastery of Saint- Hilaire -de- Poitiers ( 11th century, heavily restored ). It lies on the French route Via Turonensis and is part of the UNESCO World Heritage " Pilgrimage Routes in France."
  • Even the church Ste. Radegonde ( 11-13. Century) is built in the Romanesque style. It replaced in the 6th century at the instigation of the Holy Radegund († 587 ) built church. The likewise founded on the initiative of Radegund Abbey Sainte -Croix had in the 19th century largely the construction of a road soft.
  • Notre- Dame la Grande, the late Romanesque church (12th century) is famous for its exceptionally rich sculptural façade decoration.
  • The Cathedral of St. Pierre ( 12-13. Century) was built on the basis of the style of poitevinischen Romanesque hall church as and sets in the Gothic rather rare example of this type of building dar. Romansh are the easternmost bays of the cathedral, but were the builder during the construction process for the style of the Gothic about.
  • The former monastery church of St. Jean de Montierneuf (11th century) shows the transition from the Romanesque (base) to Gothic ( sanctuary ).


The Poitiers-Biard airport is located west of Poitiers.

To the west of the city, west of the airport, the Autoroute A10 (L' Aquitaine), which is section of the European Route 5 in this region runs. About two connection points (29: Poitiers -Nord and 30: Poitiers Sud) it is connected with the city.

The train station of Poitiers, built in 1851, lies on the railway line between Paris and Bordeaux.



  • Germany Marburg an der Lahn, Germany, since 1961
  • Romania Iasi, Romania, since 1969
  • Russia Yaroslavl, Russia, since 1970
  • United States Lafayette, USA, since 1975
  • Portugal Coimbra, Portugal, 1979
  • United Kingdom Northampton, United Kingdom, since 1979
  • Chad Moundou, Chad, since 1990

Partnerships of schools

  • Over many years operated the Parler school, Schwäbisch Gmünd, an intensive exchange with Poitiers. The Collège Jardin des Plantes in Poitiers leads since 1975 regularly exchange programs with the partner school junior high school high Heider way in Oldenburg by.
  • The Lycée Camille Guérin and high school Philippinum Marburg is twinned since 1967. It held annual exchange trips between pupils of Seconde ( Camille Guérin ) and 10th grade ( Philippinum ).
  • The Collège Camille Guérin and high school CologneRodenkirchen operate for more than 15 years, an annual exchange.
  • The Collège Henri IV and St. Catherine's High School Ingolstadt already operate for many years a student exchange.
  • The Collège La Providence and the Lycée de l' étoile Isaac shall each year conduct an exchange with the Archbishop's School Marienberg, Neuss.


The University of Poitiers was founded in 1431 by Charles VII. Poitiers is the second oldest university in France. Thinkers such as François Rabelais, René Descartes and Francis Bacon visited the university. Today Poitiers is one of the largest student cities in France - the city has more students per capita than any other French university town.


The universities of Poitiers are:

  • University of Poitiers
  • École Nationale Supérieure d' Ingénieurs de Poitiers ( ENSIP )
  • IAE of Poitiers
  • ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d' Aérotechnique


Sons and daughters

  • Hilary of Poitiers (c. 315-367 ), Bishop and Doctor of the Church
  • Emmeram of Regensburg (? -652 ), Bishop and martyr
  • Gilbert of Poitiers (~ 1080-1145 ), scholastic philosopher and theologian
  • Eleanor of Aquitaine (c. 1122-1204 ), Duchess of Aquitaine, Queen of France and England
  • Alix Petronilla of Aquitaine (1125-1151), Countess of Vermandois, sister of Eleanor of Aquitaine
  • Pierre Roll (1788-1848), French composer
  • Louis Vierne (1870-1937), French organist and composer
  • Camille Guérin (1872-1961), a French veterinarian, bacteriologist and immunologist
  • Abel Bonnard (1883-1968), French poet and novelist
  • Pierre Dangeard (1895-1970), French botanist
  • Dangeard Louis (1898-1987), French geologist and oceanographer
  • Pierre Petit (1922-2000), French composer
  • Michel Foucault (1926-1984), French philosopher
  • Odile Caradec ( born 1925 ), French poet
  • Marc Augé ( born 1935 ), French ethnologist and anthropologist
  • Joël Robuchon ( born 1945 ), French chef and restaurateur
  • Jean -Pierre Raffarin ( b. 1948 ), French politician (UMP )
  • Jean -Pierre Abelin ( born 1950 ), French politician and Member of Parliament
  • Jean -Pierre Thiollet ( born 1956 ), French writer
  • Monique Éwanjé - Épée (born 1967 ), French hurdler
  • Alexandre Lacroix ( b. 1975 ), French writer, essayist and journalist
  • Brian Joubert ( born 1984 ), French figure skaters
  • Simon Pagenaud ( born 1984 ), French race car driver
  • Romain Edouard (* 1990), a French chess Grandmaster

People with relationship to the city

  • Radegund of Thuringia ( 518/20-587 ), Queen of the Franks, Saint died in Poitiers and is buried here
  • Venantius Honorius Fortunatus Clementianus ( about 535 - about 609), poet and bishop of Poitiers
  • Karl Lashley (1890-1958), American psychologist, died unexpectedly on a holiday trip to Poitiers