Jean -Marc Ayrault [ ʒɑ.maʁk e'ʁo ] ( born January 25, 1950 in Maulévrier, department of Maine -et -Loire ) is a French politician (PS). Under President François Hollande Ayrault was Prime Minister of the French Republic on 15 May 2012 to 31 of March 2014. He held office from 1989 to 2012 as mayor of Nantes and was from 1986 to 2012 and Member of Parliament from 1997 to 2012 Chairman of the Group (French Président ) of the Groupe socialiste in the French National Assembly.
Ayrault grew up as the eldest of five children of the laborer and later a factory worker Joseph Ayrault and the seamstress Georgette Ayrault born on Uzenot in western France. He studied German ( études supérieures d' anglais ) at the University of Nantes and graduated in 1971 with a master's from. In 1972, the high school teacher exam followed ( CAPES ). 1969/1970 Ayrault spent a semester abroad at the University of Würzburg.
Coming from a Catholic family, Jean -Marc Ayrault committed as a teenager in the Christian country youth movement. The liberation theology related parties, he joined the Young Christian Workers. After the Congress of Epinay (1971 ) In 1972 he was a member of the French Socialist Party. From 1973 until his election as a deputy in 1986, he was a German teacher in Saint- Herblain, Loire -Atlantique.
As a 27 -year-old Ayrault was elected in 1977 as mayor of Saint- Herblain. He held twelve years this office. He belonged to 1991 Poperéniste to the left wing of the PS. 1989 was mayor of the city of Nantes is an achievable goal for the Socialists. The current incumbent of the RPR did not stand for re-election. Ayrault was formally in December 1988 candidate in Nantes. His election campaign was marked by prominent support of the PS: Both President François Mitterrand and the incumbent prime minister, Michel Rocard arrived in Nantes. On March 12, 1989 Ayrault was elected on the first ballot with 50.19 % of the vote (his rival candidate Daniel Augereau received 40 %). 1995, 2001 and 2008, he was re-elected each. He renounced in 2012 from his position as mayor of Nantes. He was succeeded by Patrick Rimbert.
After the victory of François Hollande in the French presidential elections 6 May 2012 Ayrault and Martine Aubry were considered candidates for the premiership in the conversation.
Mathieu von Rohr ( SPIEGEL in Paris) wrote:
"From this choice depends a lot on. If he selects the party leader Martine Aubry, his opponent in the intra-party primaries, he opts for a left course. If he chooses the parliamentary leader Jean -Marc Ayrault, which is a sign of a more technocratic government - and it would be a gesture towards Germany. Because Ayrault speaks German and has good connections to the SPD. "
On the day of the inauguration of Hollande, the May 15, 2012, appointed this Ayrault as prime minister. With the adoption of the Office ended his membership in the National Assembly. A stay in office of the mayor would have been constitutionally possible, but was not required by the new president. On 17 May 2012, the Prime Minister presented the application for a resignation as mayor in the council of Nantes. The election of the new mayor of Nantes took place on June 29, 2012.
In accordance with the President Hollande the first official act as Prime Minister was Ayraults the reduction of all future ministerial salaries by thirty percent, including the remuneration of the President himself Hollande, Sarkozy 's predecessor, had increased their own salaries by 172 % in 2007, six months after taking office.
Transitional government until the election
On the day of his appointment as Prime Minister Jean -Marc Ayrault presented on May 15, 2012, a new transitional government. It consists - according to a campaign promise by Hollande's strict gender parity - next to him out of every nine ministers and eight factory-trained ministers and ministers ( ministres délégué (e) s ). This transitional government held office only up to the general election in June 2012. According to the second round on June 17, 2012 Ayrault took a day later back together with his government.
Second Government Ayrault
Immediately after the resignation of his government Ayrault of François Hollande was again appointed Prime Minister. On June 21, 2012, he presented his new government (Cabinet Ayrault II), which remained largely unchanged. After the disastrous outcome of the local elections on March 30, 2014 Ayrault announced his resignation as Prime Minister.
Jean -Marc Ayrault has since September 1971 been married to Brigitte Terrien, also from Maulévrier. She studied modern Lettres (modern literature) and is since 1974 a French teacher in a Collège (equivalent in secondary education ). From 1982 to 2001 she was a General Councillor of the Canton of Saint- Herblain - Ouest- Indre. The couple has two daughters.