Kingston [ ˌ kɪŋstən ] in the Canadian province of Ontario has over 120,000 inhabitants and is located at the northeastern end of Lake Ontario, where the lake merges into the St. Lawrence River and the Thousand Islands begin. Because of the numerous, consisting of limestone historic building Kingston is also called "City of the limestone " ( Limestone City).
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On the surface of a Mississauga Indian village called Cataraqui - for him the most important cemetery of the city, the Cataraqui Cemetery is named - was established in 1673 as the first settlement by Europeans, the French Fort Frontenac. In 1758 the fort was occupied by British and Iroquois soldiers under the command of Colonel Bradstreet. 1784, the first Loyalists came to the city, who had to leave the newly formed United States because of their loyalty to the British colonial power. They named the place in honor of British King George III. King's Town (City of the King). The result was from 1788 the present name Kingston.
During the war from 1812 to 1814 between the U.S. and the UK, as Kingston again holding center for refugees, was Fort Henry was born. First it was used to protect the trade on Lake Ontario, as the Rideau Canal was begun in 1832, it covered this trade route between Ottawa and Kingston. Even before Toronto was in Kingston in 1819, a first bank in Upper Canada, the Bank of Upper Canada, which was, however, recognized too late and therefore was declared in 1822 and closed illegal.
The city was 1841-1844 capital of the largest British colonies in North America, specifically the two in 1841 temporarily united colonies of Upper and Lower Canada, however, was from Montreal, Toronto and Ottawa later replaced by. 1841 met in Kingston, the Parliament of the United Colonies to its founding session. In the same year one of the oldest universities in Canada, the Queen's University was founded by royal decree under the name of Queen 's College. From 1912 was the renowned institution, Queen's University. The city has retained its British looked in the late 19th century.
At the end of the 19th century and even in the early 20th century, Kingston was a major port city on the Great Lakes with significant shipbuilding and locomotive manufacturing. Today there is this heavy industry largely no longer.
Economy and infrastructure
Kingston 's economy is strongly influenced by state and municipal enterprises. The main economic sectors are health, education, military, logistics, and tourism and other services. Production and research play in Kingston a smaller role than in the past.
The largest employers in the city are. :
- Canadian Forces Base Kingston (including the Royal Military College of Canada) 8000
- Queen's University, 4200
- Kingston General Hospital 3400
- Limestone District School Board 2720
- Invista Canada (DuPont Canada Inc. ): 1,200
- Hotel Dieu Hospital 1000
- Ontario Ministry of Health 940
- Assurant Solutions 500
- Empire Life Insurance Company 500
- J. E. Agnew Food Services 500
- Novelis ( Alcan ) ( Rolled Products and R & D Centre) 366
- Ontario Ministry of Transportation 310
- Bell Canada 250
- DuPont Canada Inc. Research and Development Centre 200
Besides the numerous Einkufsgelegenheiten in downtown Kingston are in two major shopping centers. The largest mall is the Cataraqui Town Centre with over 140 shops, restaurants and cafe's. The shopping center is located on the 945 Gardiners Road. The Frontenac Mall is located at 300 Bath Road and has several shops and restaurants and cafe's.
Education and Research
Kingston is now home to two universities, the Royal Military College of Canada and Queen's University. At Queen's University, around 16,000 students are enrolled in 18 departments in bachelor and master programs. At the Royal Military College, about 6000 students are enrolled in five subject areas. Another university is the St. Lawrence College, which offers study programs in cooperation with Laurentian University.
In Kingston there are 68 state schools that are responsible for 23,000 children and young people. These schools are under state supervision, the Limestone District School Board. Of the 68 schools are 56 kindergartens and primary schools, the rest are secondary schools ( high schools ) to Class 12
In Kingston three newspapers are published. The Kingston Whig - Standard, Canada's first daily newspaper and is printed since 1834. It has an average circulation of 22,000 copies. Another newspaper is the Kingston This Week, which is published once a week and The Heritage. In the city there are several radio stations, inter alia, 98.3FlyFM and 98.9 The Drive, as well as some local channels which are, inter alia, operated by CTV, Global TV and CBC.
Culture and sights
In Kingston are theaters in which national and international plays are shown, including the Grand Theatre and the Wellington Street Theatre. , The K- rock Centre is a 5,800 -seat end of winter sports and leisure hall, which was opened in February 2008. Kingston is home to many different artists from the media, literature, art and drama. In the city center, therefore there are several art museums, such as the Agnes Etherington Art Centre, which was opened in 1957 and the more modern Fuel Artist- Run Centre, which opened in 1977. It held annual exhibitions of Canadian and foreign artists. These are mainly in the The Union Gallery issued Arts Accommodations and Venue: (also: Queen's University 's student art gallery ), the verb Gallery, in the Open Studio 22, in the Kingston Arts Council Gallery and in the Artel.
The Literature Festival Kingston Writer is held every year. In addition, find throughout the year several smaller events held at the Kingston Frontenac Public Library and at local bookstores. Writers who live or have lived in Kingston include Steven Heighton, Bronwen Wallace, Helen Humphreys, Michael Ondaatje, Joanne Page, Diane Schoemperlen, Eric Folsom, Michael Crummey, Melanie Dugan, Mark Sinnett, Mary Alice Downie, Robertson Davies, Douglas Fetherling, Wayne Grady, Merilyn Simonds, Ellen Stafford, Alec Ross, Jamie Swift, Carolyn Smart and Alexander Scala.
The comedian and actor Dan Aykroyd has a property in the northern part of Kingston and is a commonly aptly man in the city center. He operated from 1994 to 1995 his own restaurant, which Aykroyd 's Ghetto House Café on Princes Street.
In Kingston found throughout the year several festivals: including the Limestone City Blues Festival, the Kingston Canadian Film Festival, the Fanfayr, the Kingston Buskers ' Rendezvous, Kingston Jazz Festival, which Reelout Film Festival, the Festival in February and the Wolfe Iceland Music Festival.
1922, the 10th Grey Cup was held in Kingston. The city is also home to a well-known sailing area and was the venue for the sailing events of the Olympic Summer Games 1976. Kingston Frontenacs ice hockey in the Ontario Hockey League.
Kingston is located about halfway between Toronto and Montreal on three major thoroughfares: the St. Lawrence River, the main railway line Canadian National Railway, and Highway 401 Highway 15 provides an alternative connection in the Ottawa region.
The city lies at the southern end of the Rideau Canals, which originally served to connect Lake Ontario with the Ottawa River, in order to guarantee an independent transport route at some distance from the U.S. border. Seasonal a ferry between Cape Vincent, New York, via Wolfe Iceland, in downtown Kingston. This is an alternative route to and from the United States.
Via Rail Canada operates a main rail link between Windsor, Kingston and Quebec City.
Kingston has a regional airport. The Norman Rogers Airport is served by Air Canada Jazz with scheduled flights to Toronto.
Megabus (Coach Canada) and Greyhound Canada provide regular connections from Kingston Bus Terminal to Toronto, Ottawa and Montreal. Public transport is operated by Kingston Transit.
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Sons and daughters of the town
- Bryan Adams, musician, singer and composer
- Tanith Belbin, figure skater
- Don Cherry, hockey player and coach
- Elizabeth Adela Forbes, painter of the late Impressionism
- Doug Gilmour, Hockey Player
- Mary Jane Lamond, Gaelic interpreter of folk music
- Lily Alice Lefevre, poet
- Oliver Mowat, politicians
- Robert Mundell, Nobel Prize for Economics in 1999
- Richard A. Pierce, historian
- Polly Shannon, Actress
- Mike Smith, Hockey Goalie
- The Tragically Hip, Rock Band
- John Tripp, German - Canadian ice hockey player
- Simon Whitfield, Triathlete
- Zal Yanovsky, musicians ( Lovin ' Spoonful )