Knaanic language

Knaanische languages ​​( Judenslawisch, Canaanite, proper name " Leshoneynu " - our language, in the Czech Leson Canaan ) are spoken by Jews Slavic languages ​​, which have died out around the end of the Middle Ages.


The word " Knaanisch " is derived from " Canaan " (Heb. כנען ), although no correlation between the Knaanischen language and the biblical land of Canaan is. However, it was by Benjamin of Tudela Kievan Rus referred to as " the land of Canaan ," and one finds few indications to have been that the area east of the Elbe ' Eres called Canaan.

West Slavic Knaanisch

First and foremost, we denote by Knaanisch a West Slavic language that was spoken until the late Middle Ages, Jews in what is now the Czech Republic. Researchers suspect that the spoken on the territory of today's Czech Republic Knaanisch - that should have been closely related to the Old Czech - was gradually displaced by the Yiddish language after the 12th to 14th century Yiddish - speaking Jews from the Rhine area by Bohemia and Moravia migrated.

However, there are conflicting theories on the mutual influence between the Knaanischen, other Slavic languages ​​and Yiddish.

East Slavonic Knaanisch

Occasionally, those Jewish- Slavic idioms outside of Bohemia and Moravia - are detectable until the 15th century, referred to as Knaanisch - even to Russia. In particular, this applies to the Eastern Slavic language that was used by the Khazars after the fall of their empire instead of the then prevalent among them Hebrew. Such Slavic-speaking Jews there were, especially in the Kievan Rus in the 11th to 13th centuries.