Kremmen Railway

The Kremmener train is a railway line in northern Berlin and the subsequent Brandenburg countryside. It branches in Berlin's Reinickendorf north of the railway station Berlin- Schönholz (then Schönholz - Reinickendorf). Berlin from the north runway and leads via Tegel, Hennig village and Velten Kremmen There the railway line opened in 1898, connects to Neuruppin.

Between Berlin - Schönholz and Hennig village the route of the Berlin S -Bahn is used.

While all previously opened leading to Berlin railway lines were main-line railways, the railway Kremmener was the first branch line in Berlin. In addition, they did not have their own head station, but was led from the start in the Stettin Station.


The desire for a connection between Berlin and the district of Ruppin was chiefly driven by Veltener page since the city had grown by industrialization to more than 5000 inhabitants. Since the original plan to operate the railroad owners, could not be implemented, the Prussian state railways attracted the project itself. The first section was opened between Velten and Kremmen after about two years of construction on October 1, 1893 between Schönholz -Reinickendorf on the north track and Velten, the second on 20 December 1893.

1927, the route from Berlin to Velten was electrified with the DC system of the later Berlin S-Bahn. After the construction of the S -Bahn operation had to be switched Kremmen with most compounds in Velten, a few trains went to Berlin or later to Hennigsdorf by.

The continuous electrical driving between Berlin Velten and existed until the construction of the Wall on 13 August 1961, which interrupted the railway line between Berlin- Heiligensee and Hennig village. Then the train operating between Velten and Hennig village was maintained as a stand-alone operation. 1958 was built with the completion of the Berlin outer ring of the intersection and interchange Hennig Village North, it was decommissioned in 1998. 1983 reached the electrification according to the standard AC system of the Deutsche Reichsbahn also the northwestern Berlin outer ring. At the same time, the portion of Hennigsdorf Velten was electrified with the AC system and abandoned the DC operation of the S -Bahn for it.

In Berlin side of the S -Bahn operation from 1961 until the transfer of the operating rights of the Berlin S -Bahn was continued by the Deutsche Reichsbahn of the West Berlin BVG on 9 January 1984. After that, the route for public transport was shut down, but freight was still held. Up until 1994 drove on the Kremmener train from Tegel and then continue on healthy well and the circle line nor the military trains the French occupation to Strasbourg. Only in 1995 was the track, initially reactivated only to Tegel, for the S-Bahn. Since north of Tegel part of the railway embankment now removed and the area had been used for the construction of the Hamburg highway, closing the gap between the two sections could not take place until 1998. Since Hennig village is again connected to the S- Bahn network.

Present situation and train operation

The Kremmener train is essentially a single-track railway line today. In Old Reinickendorf, Tegel and Heiligensee there are crossing tracks to allow a 20 -minute intervals of the S -Bahn. In addition, between Hennigsdorf and Velten two tracks, one track as a test track for the company headquartered in Hennigsdorf locomotive and railcar plant of Bombardier Transportation (formerly locomotive Electrical works ( LEW ) ), as well as the location in Velten work of Stadler Rail is used and both a busbar as is also equipped with an overhead electrical line, but does not serve the public traffic. The only way intersection between Hennig and Kremmen village is located in the Velten station.

In Berlin territory, the section is traversed by the S -Bahn line S25 to Hennig village station. There is connection to to Kremmen circulating regional train line 55 and to the Regional Express RE6 ( Prignitz - Express). This line runs from Berlin-Spandau on the western Berlin outer ring according to Hennig village and continue with change of direction on the track and Kremmener Neuruppin to Wittenberg.

Interesting is the operation of trains on the railway station Hennig village for re-commissioning of the S-Bahn. For simultaneous operation of S-Bahn and electric mainline railway station should have been elaborately equipped with a multi -phase system, as it has about the birch Werder station. It was decided therefore, for a simpler solution, and extended a platform in a southerly direction. This end of the track is used by the S -Bahn Berlin. Start on the northern railway Rising regional trains, between the rails are interrupted.


In the next few years to redevelop the section of line between Schönholz and Tegel is necessary. In this part of the reconstruction of the second S -Bahn track and the introduction of a 10 -minute clock to Tegel is planned. The platform of the S-Bahn station Karl- Bonhoeffer- mental hospital is to be placed closer to the Metro Station. For the district Borsigwalde the construction of a new breakpoint at the Holzhauserstraße is provided.

Furthermore, the states of Berlin and Brandenburg investigate the involvement of the Prignitz - express train on the train to Kremmener BerlinGesundbrunnen. The preferred embodiment provides for this, based on the prior to taking place basic bioremediation, and production of duality in Berlin, the establishment of a third mainline track between Schönholz and Tegel for regional and freight services. Next to Hennigsdorf is a mixed operation of Prignitz - Express train scheduled with the S-Bahn, and between Tegel and Schulz village the second track would produce. In Tegel railway station is a stop of the Prignitz - Express train in a newly realized regional platform is provided. The investment cost for this variant should be approximately 20 million euros.

The re-commissioning of the S -Bahn operation until after Velten is discussed.


Shortly before the end of the track in Heiligensee, 1987

Station Hennig village with Ferkeltaxe the S- Platform, 1996

Kremmen station, looking north, 1991

Station Kremmen, 1991