At the age of 18, he won the gold medal at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona in the floor exercise. On rings he binned on the 3rd place in the team all-around and there was a silver medal. In the horse jump, he finished fourth.
Li also won six medals at World Gymnastics Championships. He took two gold medals in the team all-around and once in the individual all-around.
1997 Li resigned.