North Tyrol is the northern part of the Tyrol, and the greater part of the country of the current Austrian federal state of Tyrol.
The State of Tyrol, former county in the Habsburg Empire, which was divided at the end of the First World War between Austria and Italy, is divided into four parts: North and East Tyrol ( the Lienz district ) belong together as Tyrol with its capital Innsbruck remains to Austria, South Tyrol ( the Autonomous Province of Bolzano / Alto -Adige ) with the city of Bolzano and the Trentino ( Trento, Trentino / Trento), with its capital Trent came to Italy, and form the Italian region Trentino -Alto Adige. Today, the four parts of the country in Austria and Italy form the common European Region Tyrol - South Tyrol - Trentino.
North Tyrol covers the whole territory of the historical Tyrol north of the Alps, mainly the Inn Valley and its side valleys, and the upper valley of the Lech and the Großache. The part of the country is divided into regions ( North Tyrol ) lowlands east of Innsbruck, ( North Tyrol ) uplands to the west of Innsbruck and the Außerfern, in recent years the central space as Innsbruck and surroundings is becoming stronger autonomy.
North Tyrol has an area of 1,062,783.53 hectares ( about 10,627 km ²), representing about 84 % or 5/6 of the land area of the state, and 40 % of the area of Europe ( the historical Tyrol ). It has about 625,000 inhabitants ( 2001: 623 100 ), which are 92.5 % of the population of Tyrol, ie about 9/ 10 and 36 % (1/3 ) of the 1.25 million Tyrol and Trento (2001 ) on both sides of the state border.
Political and administrative structure
Politically, the part of the country is divided into the following political districts ( from east to west, with judicial districts ):
- Kitzbühel ( same judicial district )
- Kufstein ( with the judicial districts of Kufstein and rats mountain )
- Schwaz district ( with the judicial districts of Schwaz and Zell am Ziller )
- District of Innsbruck -Land ( with the judicial districts of Innsbruck (country ), which is the district of the district court Innsbruck together with Innsbruck (city), Hall ( iT ) and Telfs )
- District Innsbruck -Stadt ( Statutory Innsbruck, judicial district of Innsbruck (city) )
- Imst district ( with the judicial districts of Imst and Silz )
- Landeck ( same judicial district )
- District of Reutte ( Außerfern simultaneously judicial district Reutte )
According to the major regions and the statistical breakdown NUTS: AT with AT331 Außerfern, AT332 Innsbruck, Tiroler Oberland AT334 and AT335 Tyrolean lowlands.
Of the 279 Tyrolean municipalities are located 243, ie 88 % in North Tyrol.
The traffic situation in North Tyrol is characterized by several major transit routes:
- The dominant role of the European Route 45 (A12 Inn Valley motorway and A13 ) Kufstein - Brenner Pass, one of the four most important Alpine transit routes, the Northern Tyrol from northeast crosses to south.
- In addition, the east-west axis in the lowlands has the same route with S16 Arlberg expressway (Arlberg tunnel) to Bregenz and Switzerland (E60, west to Kufstein on the A12 ) and B178 Lofer road over the pass Strub ( E641 continue over the small German Eck to Salzburg or Pinzgauer B311 road towards Enns -Graz ), the latter the most important purely within Austria remote connection.
- Of great national political importance B161 Pass-Thurn -Straße is in Kitzbuhel, which represents about Mittersill with the B108 Felbertauernstraße and the Felbertauerntunnel the intra- Austrian connection to East Tyrol - since the abolition of border controls with the Schengen agreement, this compound has but opposite burner - A22 - SS49 - B100 ( E68 Pusteria - Drau ) lost significance.
- Another important link is the B179 Fernpassstraße that attaches the extra- long, and is a much-used vacation itinerary of Germans ( access A7 ).
Of less importance, primarily for tourism, in regional and local border traffic, the pass crossings Außerfern - Warth - Hochtannberg - Bregenzerwald ( L200 ), the Silvretta road from Paznaun about the Verwall ( Biel Height) in the Montafon ( B188 ), the Reschenpass in the Vintschgau ( B180 - SS40 ), the Gerlos Alpine Road in the Oberpinzgau ( B165 ), the semolina pass from Leukental near St. Johann to Saalfelden ( B164 ), the Achenpass from Achen valley to Bad Tolz ( B181 - B307 ), and Seefeld saddle to Mittenwald ( B177 - B2 ) and the Talpässe at the Loisach to Garmisch -Partenkirchen ( B187 - B23), and the Großache at Kossen to Marquartstein ( B176 - B307 ) and Reit im Winkl ( B172 - German Alpine Road), and the Finstermünzpass in the Engadine ( B184 - 27).
The road routes run accordingly:
- The Great Western Railway with Deutsches Eck - Kufstein - Innsbruck or Salzburg -Tiroler -Bahn Zell am See - Wörgl and Arlbergbahn Innsbruck - Bludenz
- The Brenner railway Innsbruck - Brenner and further
The only major airport is Innsbruck- Kranebitten satisfying due to its intra-Alpine location, just for city tickets, currently but in regular service along with Vienna also offers destinations such as London, Amsterdam, Berlin, Brussels, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Copenhagen, Moscow and St. Petersburg.