The Metro Novosibirsk (Russian Новосибирский метрополитен / transcription Nowossibirski metropolitans ) is the metro in the Russian city of Novosibirsk. Until the opening of Yekaterinburg Metro 1991, she was the only metro in the Asian part of Russia. Currently, it consists of two lines with a total of twelve stations.
Initial plans were already in the 1960s, when it became clear that the growth of the city next to the tram another public transport made it necessary. In a large study, a fast tram, a metro network and a mixed operation were weighed from both. In 1978 the decision was made to build a large metro network without additional tram. On May 12, construction began on the station Oktjabrskaja. All stations are located in relatively shallow depths and were most often built in open cut. The tunnel, however, are drilled.
After a construction period of six years, the first train ran on the line Leninskaja ( Ленинская ) between the stations Studencheskaya and Krasny Prospekt. The trains combined five stations and crossed the Ob and its floodplain by means of a 2145 -meter long bridge (of which almost 900 meters above the river ). The line was expanded in the following years, two more stations in the north and one in the west. The line represents the backbone of the Novosibirsk Metro network as it connects the two city centers on the left and right bank of the Ob.
On December 31, 1987, the second line, Dserschinskaja ( Дзержинская ), opens with the transfer station Sibirskaja. Initially, only one tunnel was operated: A single train traveling between the stations Sibirskaja and Ploshchad Garina - Michailowskowo at the city central station. With the opening of the third station Marschala Pokryschkina also the second tunnel was put into operation, now commuted two trains (without changes of track, each train took advantage of a tunnel ). On 25 June 2005, the south tunnel to the fourth station of the line, Berjosowaja Roscha ( Берёзовая Роща ) was opened two years later the north tunnel. Only then could be taken up with three trains on two tracks on the direction of the line is a conventional operation. On 7 October 2010, another station in an easterly direction, Zolotaya Niwa, opened. On 26 October 2010 the station was on court order because of irregularities in the granting of an operating license temporarily closed for safety reasons. It was taken only on 9 February 2011 after being released by the technical supervisor again.
Plan, there are two stations of the Dserschinskaja line towards the east, Dowatora ( Доватора ) and Wolotschajewskaja ( Волочаевская ). However, because of relatively small financial resources for the subway construction will be provided, the construction work take much longer than originally planned and the last specified dates for commissioning in 2012 and 2013 can not be kept. The same applies to the Leninskaja - line, on which subsequent to the station Ploshchad Marksa in a westerly direction, the station Ploshchad Stanislawskowo ( Площадь Станиславского ) will be built and should already be open in 2011. Currently, the ongoing construction rests (as of September 2011). In the diagrams in the metro trains, the station Ploshchad Stanislawskowo is displayed next goal that aims. In press conferences of the city in the summer of 2011, however the station Dowatora Dserschinskaja the line was favored as the new first priority, since to expect more new passengers and thus higher subsidies from Moscow are possible. In the event of such financing in 2013 a start was promised in 2016.
Longer term, a third line, Kirovskaya ( Кировская ) is planned on the left bank of Ob- south, as is the construction of a fourth line from the north-east of the city in the urban districts far to the south. A fifth line will connect the center remote district in the east of the city in a semicircle. The first line is to be extended in both directions. The second line should pass under in accordance with the original plans, the Whether heading west, meanwhile, is also occasionally considered a further construction to the northeast along the river, where more passengers could be expected. Although already been provided in the construction of the station Berjosowaja Roscha a tunnel for the future fourth line, an implementation is not expected all of these plans in the coming decades.
List of stations
The following sortable table lists the stations of their names are listed first in alphabetical order according to the German transcription. The price applicable to line the stations are arranged on the two lines according to their sequence from north to south and from west to east.