Nizhny Novgorod Metro
The Nizhny Novgorod Metro (Russian Нижегородский метрополитен / transcription Nischegorodski metropolitans ) is the two -line metro network is the fifth largest Russian city of Nizhny Novgorod and was opened in 1985. Currently, there are 14 stations on 18.9 km length of the route.
The central hub of urban transport is the main station ( " Moscow Station "). There also end eight tram tram Nizhny Novgorod, which tap into the old town on the eastern bank of the Oka and the southern and western parts of town away from the subway line.
In the seventies began in Gorki, so the town was named in 1932 to discuss the construction of a metro. The first plans for the first eight subway stations have also been designed. 1976 summarized the city fathers to the decision to build a metro network. On one hand, the tram had come to their capacity limits, on the other hand, said the forecasts that the population of the city would rise from 1.35 then to 1.6 million by 1990.
The first pile was held at the station Leninskaja ( Ленинская ) on 17 December 1977. After that, a memorial plaque was dedicated at the same spot, which should document the tenth underground network of the Soviet Union. The first line, which, as usual, marked in red in Russia, was after eight years of construction on 20 November 1985 between the stations Moskovskaya ( Московская ) and Proletarskaja ( Пролетарская ) with six stations and 7.8 kilometers long, put into operation. In addition, the depot was also opened at the station Proletarskaja and the administrative and technical control center. This line connected the " Moscow Train " with the three industrial areas of the city, the Municipality Kanawino, the Lenin district and the Awtosawodski District.
The opening of the Metro, more specifically, the opening date, was the catalyst for a series of scandals since the commissioning ceremony for 7 November, the 68th anniversary of the October Revolution, was planned. But it was late from undetermined reasons at the opening by two weeks, which is why, as it is, even arrest the head of the Metro construction company of Gorky wanted. Nevertheless, a grand opening was held on November 7. The magistrate looked at the Metro, for the passengers, the line was only released two weeks later.
On August 8, 1987, the line was extended to two stations. You now ended 1.9 km further south with the station Komsomolskaya ( Комсомольская ). Again, two years later it was extended in the same direction for a further two stations to the station Park Kultury ( Парк Культуры ). All stations were built in an open design.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union delayed the construction of new subway stations, and also the financial resources no longer flowed in abundance, yet was on 20 December 1993, eight years after the first subway line, the second new subway line in now again rückbenannten Nizhny Novgorod put into operation with the two stations Kanawinskaja ( Канавинская ) and Burnakowskaja ( Бурнаковская ). A shift to the red line has since been on Moskovskaya station possible, but currently not necessary. The operations are regulated there that trains coming from the first red line, then go for a driver change just on the blue line.
On 9 September 2002, a further station on the second, green, depending on the plan or blue line was opened: the station Burewestnik ( Буревестник, petrels ).
For operation opened in 1985 four trains from the factory Wagon -mash of type 81-717/714 were delivered. Identical trains in Budapest, Prague and Warsaw. Go with a side-mounted, swept by live rail at a driving voltage of usual ex -Soviet Metros 825 volts. Today, there are about twenty - four car trains, which are in the rush hour all used. All trains are south of the station Proletarskaja parked in the depot, which is reached via a 450 meter long twin- track connection.
In 2002, about 60 million passengers were transported.
The small network of the city of Nizhny Novgorod is to be expanded in the future. So far, it is planned to expand the previously about 18.9 km long network of up to 60 km. The current red line is to cross over to the east above ground on a bridge, the Oka and then hold on to two other stations that will be called each Ploshchad Swobody ( Площадь Свободы, Freedom Square ) and Sennaja Ploshchad ( Сенная Площадь ). The bridge construction began in 2001, the start-up could take place in 2011. Opening of the station Gorkovskaya ( Горьковская ) is held on November 4, 2012. The blue line will also be extended, even here in both directions. In the north, they should lead to the Volga once. But even in the West, the second line is to get new stations. In the long run is also a third line, probably green or yellow, planned with the color code at the other bank of the Oka. You should run approximately parallel to the red line. Currently, the financing of new metro lines, however, is complicated by the fact that some of the already modest funds available to invest in the renewal of some dilapidated tunnel sections.
Under the new plans will be built in Nizhny Novgorod because of the soccer World Cup in 2018 a new stadium. Expected place of the stadium is located at " Strelka " at the confluence of the Oka in the Volga River, and there is the suggestion that " Sormowskaja " line in the north to 2 new stations ( " Strelka " and " Volga" ) to extend. Previously planned stations " Jarmarka " and " Meschtscherskoje lake " was canceled due to time constraints. The new stations are to be made to 2017 are available. Moreover, the opening dates of the stations " Ploshchad Swobody " and " Sennaja Ploshchad " have been moved (next stops on the " Awtosawodskaja " line to the east of " Gorkovskaya ").