Sabadell [ səβəðeʎ ] ( province of Barcelona) is an industrial town in Catalonia (Spain) and is located about 20 km north- west of Barcelona. On 1 January 2013 207 649 people lived in this city.

Geographical Location

The city is located on 189 m height ( Plaça de Sant Roc ).

Sabadell is located in the comarca of Vallès Occidental, and together with the neighboring city of Terrassa is the administrative center of this circle. The urban area covers 3850.5 ha, with 1859.2 ha accounted for by the town. The city lies on the River Ripoll.

Origin of the name

The place name Sabadell was first mentioned in a manuscript from the year 1050 in relation to a trade route in connection with the town of Sant Cugat del Vallès. The origin of the name, however, is still unknown and the explanations are divided into different camps. One hypothesis relates to the arrival of a family Collsabadell who ran a hostel, another one on the Latin place names badallum in terms of the former Roman fort on the River Ripoll, and further to the church of San Salvador, in the old church documents as Salvadorell is led to Salvatore Dell. Some historians trace the name of Sabadell, however Sabbatum (Saturday ) from where the market takes place, and they justify this on the run in blazon onion.


Archaeological discoveries in the field of Roqueta Gambús prove that the core of the original village Sabadell of farmers and herdsmen from Europe was used more than 3,800 years ago. The residents then called Iberians Arrahona, operated mainly agriculture, animal husbandry, hunting and fishing. Their homes had a simple rectangular floor plan and built of stones in dry wall building way. Your ceramic used was not very well developed and is the origin of the Bronze and Iron Ages.

After arrival of the Romans in 218 BC, a process of Romanization in the Iberian culture began. The early Roman sites and surgical exploration of buildings and villas indicate that the investments were mainly used for the processing of wine at this time.

During the Middle Ages buildings were erected on the right bank of the River Ripoll, the first building next to the chapel of San Salvador (now the Church of San Felix ), where since 1076 is documented location of flour mills. Two mills of this period have been restored and can be visited today.

In the Roman period, a small village was located on the site where today stands the church of La Salut. This village was first mentioned in the Middle Ages under the name Arraona or Arrahona. Another little village was located on the other side of the River Ripoll. This second village was called Sabadell. 1378 lived there around 600 people and the Chronicle reported 152 houses. Sabadell was surrounded by a wall. In the 16th century due to population growth more houses were built outside the city walls.

At this time, the introduction and spread began industrial forms of production and distribution of goods and services in the town, which had mainly specializes in clothing made of wool. The importance of the wool industry in Sabadell rose over the next few centuries. Already in 1800 the city's population had grown to over 2,000 people.

The 19th century brought two important developments for Sabadell. In 1856 the town was connected to the railway network. 1877 got Sabadell after merging the surrounding villages, the city rights. In the 1897 census Sabadell already saw a total population of 23,044 people.

Sabadell became the main manufacturer of clothing made ​​of wool all over Spain, and these clothes were exported worldwide.


Sabadell is like many towns in the area of Barcelona, ​​traditionally a stronghold of the socialist party. The municipal election in 2007 resulted in the following distribution of seats in the local council:


The town of Sabadell is divided into seven administrative districts ( Distrircte ) and sub-districts (Sector ) split:

  • Districts 1 Sector Centre: Centre
  • Hostafrancs
  • La cobertera
  • Laietana
  • Sol i Padris
  • Avinguda - Eixample
  • Districts 2 Sector La Creu Alta: La Creu Alta
  • Can Puiggener
  • 3 districts Sector Ca n'Oriac: Ca n'Oriac
  • Torreguitart
  • Torrent del Capellà
  • Sant Julia
  • La Plana del Pintor
  • Can Deu
  • La Roureda
  • 4 districts Sector La Concòrdia: La Concòrdia
  • Can Borgonyó
  • Can Rull
  • Cifuentes
  • Via Alexandra
  • Can Llong
  • 5 districts Sector Gràcia Gràcia
  • Can Feu
  • Els Merinals
  • Can Gambús
  • 6 districts Sector La Creu de Barberà: La Creu de Barberà
  • Les Termes
  • Espronceda
  • Campoamor
  • 7 districts Sector La Serra: El Poblenou
  • Torre- Romeu

Economy and infrastructure

In addition to the textile industry Sabadell became the largest industrial city in the north-eastern Spanish metal, paper, leather and ceramic industry and trade center for agricultural products. Sabadell is also headquarters of today's bank Banco Sabadell Group. Banco Sabadell was founded in December 1881 by 127 businessmen from Sabadell to support the local industry financially.


The town has 35 primary schools ( primary school ) and twelve public high schools of the secondary education sector that lead to university, as well as a vocational school.

Private transport

In the West Sabadell connects the Autopista C -58, 3 different access roads connect the city with Terrassa Manresa and Barcelona. Through the city runs the N -150 (also known as Carretera de Barcelona, or also known as Carretera de Terrassa). In the east there is the C -155 to connect to Granollers. In the southeast, the B -140 is this highway connects Santa Perpetua de Mogoda. In the northeast there is the road from Prats Lluçanès (B- 142) is also associated with Castellar del Vallès. In the north the road Matadepera (BV -1248 ) opens up the connections to the motorways and expressways in all main directions.


Sabadell connects the S2 of the Catalan national railway Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya ( FGC), the city of Barcelona and Sant Cugat del Vallès. Sabadell has two railway stations, a train station near Gràcia and in Sabadell center ( La Rambla ) and other 4 smaller stations which connect the city with the S2. The line 4 with three train stations in Sabadell Center, Sabadell Sabadell -South and North are the feeder forth to line S2.

The FGC lines are to be expanded in the coming years. The studies are currently being developed by the departments of the Generalitat of Catalonia and the Transport Committee of the City Council.


Bus services to the villages and cities: Andorra la Vella, Barcelona, ​​Badalona, ​​Badia del Vallès, Barberà del Vallès, Caldes de Montbui, Castellar del Vallès, Bellaterra - Campus Universitari, Granollers, Manresa, Martorell, Matadepera, Mataró, Palau solità i Plegamans, Polinyà, Ripollet, Rubí, Sentmenat, Sant Llorenç Savall, Sant Quirze del Vallès, Santa Perpètua de Mogoda, la Seu d' Urgell, and Solsona i Terrassa.


In transport are the following inner-city connections by bus transport Urban de Sabadell ( TUS):

  • Línia 1: Can Deu - Estacio Sud
  • Línia 2: Can Deu - La Creu de Barberà
  • Línia 3: Can Deu - La ROMANICA
  • Línia 4: Castellarnau - el Poblenou
  • Línia 5: Can Rull - Les Termes
  • Línia 6: Can Roqueta - Can Llong
  • Línia 7: La Roureda - Can Deu
  • Línia 8: La Roureda - Zona Industrial
  • Línia 9: Castellarnau - Estacio Centre
  • Línia 10: Sant Julia - Plaça de Barcelona
  • Línia 11: Gran Via Sud - Hospital tauli
  • Línia 23: Can Roqueta - Sant Bernat
  • Línia 80: Plana del Pintor - Plaça de Picasso


In the south of the city is the airport of Sabadell. According to German definition it corresponds to a local airport for general aviation ( non-scheduled services ) and is used for training of pilots and for feeder flights used. The advent of flight Areoport de Sabadell is located at 49 642 aircraft movements in 2008. He is owned by the Spanish airport authority AENA privatization will be currently being negotiated. The nearest airport with international operations are the Aeroport de Barcelona, ​​some 45 kilometers to the south, and the Aeroport de Girona, located 85 kilometers north of Sabadell.


Centre d' Esports Sabadell Futbol Club - CE Sabadell short - is the most famous football club in the city. Other relevant sporting facilities in the city of Sabadell Swimming Club, Club Natació Sabadell ( CNS), with more than 35,000 members and the Unio Excursionista de Sabadell ( UES ), with nearly 4,000 members. Another important club in the city is the Club Escola Pia Esportiu Sabadell, which projects in the field of Spanish indoor football and basketball with his department is currently in third place in the Spanish basketball league.


  • Torre de l' aigua, water tower from 1918
  • Ayuntamiento de Sabadell, town hall built in 1871-1872
  • Campanar de Sant Fèlix, church from 1724
  • Teatre Principal, the oldest theater in Catalonia built in 1866
  • Font Rosella, the first water supply of the city from 1367
  • Institute Paleontològic Dr. Miquel Crusafont
  • Edifici Caixa Sabadell, the building of the Savings Bank was built in 1915 in the style of Catalan modernism of the early twentieth century by Antonio Martorell.
  • Moli d' en Font
  • Moli de Mornau
  • Parc de Catalunya
  • Torrent de Colobrers
  • Casa Duran built in 1606


  • Museu d' Historia de Sabadell - Historical Museum 1859
  • Museu d'Art de Sabadell - Art Museum
  • Observatory Astronòmic de Sabadell - Observatory

Cultural institutions

Academia de Belles Arts de Sabadell Fundació Privada, Alliance Française, Associació Amics de la Unesco de Sabadell, Casal d' Europe de Sabadell, Centre de Sant Vicenç Parish, Cine Club Sabadell, Fundació Ars, Fundació Bosch i Cardellach, Fundació La Mirada, Fundació Maria- Mercè Marsal, Omnium Cultural, Simfònica Orquestra del Vallès.

Sons and daughters of the town

  • Jordi Boixaderas (* 1959), actor
  • Sergio Busquets ( * 1988), football player
  • Miquel calçada (* 1965), " Mikimoto " Journalist of Radio and TV
  • Juan Manuel Cañizares (* 1966), flamenco guitar virtuoso
  • Queralt Castellet (* 1989), snowboarder
  • Juan Serrano "Finite Córdoba " (* 1971), Matador
  • Sergio Dalma ( Josep Sergi Capdevila Querol ) ( 1964), singer
  • Pau Vila Dinares (* 1881), researchers, writers and Destacado geographer, author of the regional division of Catalonia
  • Marina Gatell ( born 1979 ), actress
  • Jordi Gené (* 1970), race car driver
  • Marc Gené ( born 1974 ), Formula 1 drivers
  • Moisés Hurtado ( born 1981 ), football player
  • Jimmy Jump (* 1974), " Streaker "
  • Genís García Janyent ( b. 1975 ), football player
  • Oriol Junyent (born 1976 ), basketball player
  • Óscar García Junyent (born 1973 ), football player
  • Roger García Junyent (born 1976 ), football player
  • Sergi Mateu (* 1955), actor
  • David Meca (* 1974), swimmer, specializing in open waters, long distance swimmers and extreme sports
  • Josep Moix, (* 1899), Secretary General of the party PSUC
  • Mateo Morral (* 1880), anarchist
  • Miguel Pacheco ( born 1931 ), professional cyclist
  • Miquel Crusafont i PAIRO (* 1910), paleontologist, promoter and director of the eponymous Instituto de Paleontologia Miquel Crusafont
  • Dani Pedrosa (* 1985), motorcycle racer
  • Albert Pla ( born 1966 ), singer
  • Oleguer Presas ( b. 1980 ), football player
  • Javier Ríos ( b. 1981 ), actor
  • Joan Oliver i Sallarés (* 1899), poet and playwright of Catalan literature
  • Octavi uploads ( born 1974 ) actor
  • Aschwin Wildeboer (* 1986), swimmer
  • Olaf Wildeboer (* 1983), swimmer
  • Cristian Tello (* 1991), football player