The Stuttgart Ballet has been one of the early 1960s, the world's leading ballet companies. This reputation was established by the ballet director John Cranko with known choreographies and his ensemble. After Cranko's death in 1973, took over until Glen Tetley, then Marcia Haydée the line. Since 1996, Reid Anderson is director of the Stuttgart Ballet.
The ballet tradition in Stuttgart goes back to 1609 at the Württemberg court. Choreographers and directors such as Jean Georges Noverre (1759-1766), Filippo Taglioni (1824-1828), August Brühl (1891 ) and Oskar Schlemmer ( 1916-1922 ) created the Compagnie works in Stuttgart and built a small troupe.
Nicholas Beriozoff, former dancer of the Ballet Russes de Monte Carlo, was appointed artistic director in 1957. He enlarged the Company, and laid a solid foundation with productions from the classical repertoire by newly staged full-length classics such as Sleeping Beauty, Swan Lake and The Nutcracker.
In January 1961 appointed Walter Erich Schäfer, the general director of the Württemberg State Theatre, John Cranko ballet director of the ballet of the Württemberg State Theatre. With John Cranko in Stuttgart began the golden age of ballet. At the beginning Cranko created small choreographies and gathered a group of dancers around him, especially the young Brazilian dancer Marcia Haydee, who became his muse and for which he created his most important pieces, and Egon Madsen, Richard Cragun, Birgit Keil, Susanne Hanke and Ray Barra.
With the premiere of Cranko's Romeo and Juliet in John Cranko conquered Stuttgart and his company, the Stuttgart audience by storm. By critics and celebrated by the audience, this production the great era of the Stuttgart Ballet heralded. This was followed by small choreographic works such as, among others, Jeu de Cartes, Opus 1 and initials RBME and the ballets The Taming of the Shrew, Onegin and Carmen. He also invited George Balanchine, Kenneth MacMillan and Peter Wright to choreograph ballets for his company and listed. With increasing fame, the Stuttgart Ballet tours began to perform around the world.
During the first guest performance of the Company in New York with John Cranko's Onegin began critics, led by Clive Barnes, a renowned critic of the New York Times to speak of the " Stuttgart Ballet Miracle". From the hitherto little-known ballet company of the Württemberg State Theatre was "the Stuttgart Ballet ." More tours, such as Israel, France and the Soviet Union ensured the worldwide fame of the troops and their choreographer and director. In addition Cranko encouraged his dancers to choreograph themselves and fought for the Stuttgart Noverre Society, which still supports young choreographers. The list of choreographers who created their first ballets in Stuttgart, and almost all members of the Company were, among others, includes Jiří Kylián, John Neumeier, William Forsythe, Uwe Scholz, Renato Zanella and Christian spitting. Another step towards the promotion of young ballet by John Cranko in 1971 was the establishment of the John Cranko School.
Twelve years after his arrival in Stuttgart John Cranko died on June 26, 1973 unexpectedly on the return flight of a U.S. tour. The Compagnie gathered and decided to get the life work of her mentor and continue.
The American choreographer Glen Tetley, the John Cranko had invited shortly before his death as house choreographer at the Stuttgart Ballet, took over the Company as ballet director. Stylistically committed to modern dance, Tetley had in his relatively short tenure a large and important influence on the history of the Stuttgart Ballet: He succeeded with works such as voluntaries (1973 ), Le Sacre du Printemps (1974 ) or Daphnis and Chloe (1975 ) the for an entirely new language of movement to open and dancers to give them a coming from the contemporary dance aesthetics.
After Tetley's resignation in 1976 Marcia Haydée took over as artistic director of the Stuttgart Ballet. Under Haydée the repertoire of the Stuttgart Ballet grew considerably. Choreographers such as Maurice Béjart and Hans van Manen and John Neumeier, Jiří Kylián, William Forsythe and Uwe Scholz created new works for the troops. In addition, Marcia Haydée moved to a new generation of dancers and raised the technical level of the troop. After 35 years of stage career and 20 years as Director Marcia Haydée, adopted in 1996 by the Stuttgart Ballet.
Reid Anderson, who was hired in 1969 by John Cranko and danced to 1987 as principal dancer at the Stuttgart Ballet, took over in 1996, the artistic director of the Company. From 1986 to 1996 Anderson pursued a career as a ballet director in Canada. When Anderson returned to Stuttgart, he rejuvenated the Company with 21 young dancers that gave the Stuttgart Ballet energy. Under Anderson's directorship have since more than 80 world premieres emerged, including 8 new ballets. The Company undertakes regular international touring schedule.
Prizes and awards
- 2006: German Dance Award for Reid Anderson
- 2006: German Dance Prize future for Christian spitting ( Resident Choreographer ) Alicia Amatriain ( Principal Dancer ) and Jason Reilly (first soloist)
- 2009: Order of Merit of the State of Baden -Württemberg for Reid Anderson
- 2011: Company of the Year: Awarded the critics of DANCE Yearbook 2011 for the Stuttgart Ballet
- 2013: Dancer of the Year: Awarded the critics of DANCE Yearbook 2013 for all Stuttgart Principal Dancer
- 2013: European Dance Culture Prize of the European Cultural Foundation Pro Europe
- 2014: German Dance Prize Demis Volpi for future ( resident choreographer )