4307 ( March 31, 2013 )
Vikna is an island municipality in the Norwegian Fylke Nord-Trøndelag, consisting of nearly 6000 islands, islets and skerries. The administrative center is located in the village of Rørvik.
The municipality is bordered to the north by Leka, to the south and to the east by Flatanger Nærøy.
The municipality on the coast Namdalens is divided into three island areas: Indre- Vikna, Mellom - Vikna and Ytre - Vikna. Most of the 4,000 inhabitants live on the largest islands that are all connected with the exception of Borgan with a bridge. The main town Rørvik is in Indre Vikna. The highest point in the municipality is with 173 meters of Vattafjellet, also in Indre- Vikna. Of the 312 km ² area 85 % are below 60 meters. With a length of 2460 kilometers Vikna has the longest coastline of Norway.
The coat of arms shows three silver salmon on a blue background.
Ever since the first settlements, the fishing was seen as an important prerequisite to survive. In the 15th and 16th centuries the Hanseatic then offered potential markets for fish, which led to an increase in population. Even later, the population in Vikna rose - alone in the period 1876 to 1891 by 41.4 %. Industrialization and centralization efforts in the 20th century led to a depopulation of the outer areas. With the same number of inhabitants in the municipality Rørvik rose on the other hand, as the center of the community. Due to its favorable geographical position, the main town for 100 years, a natural hub for the community dar.
Economy and Transport
Fishing is the main industry in the municipality. Its location on the North Sea here created the largest fishing community North Trøndelag.
By car, the municipality can be reached via the national route 770, which connects with the Vikna marketed touristy coastal road Fv17. A short ferry connects three times daily Vikna with Namsos, the nearest city on the mainland. In addition, the municipality every night is visited by the Hurtigruten ships. Outside Rørviks located with the Rørvik Lufthavn a regional airport, which is served from machines of Widerøe 's Flyveselskap.
In summer 2004, a coastal museum was opened by King Harald V and Queen Sonja of Norway. The museum is called " center for coastal culture and coastal economy Norveg " ( Norveg - senter for kystkultur kystnæring above ) and is a hundred meters from the Hurtigruten in Rørvik. Guests of the Hurtigruten ships can visit the museum during the short wait time. The building was designed by the architects Icelandic Guðmundur Jónsson and 2005 nominated for the Mies van der Rohe Award for Architecture.
- Asbjørn Sunde (1909-1985), resistance fighter during the Second World War
- Lars Peder Brekk (* 1955), politician Senterpartiet