Vila Pouca de Aguiar Municipality

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Template: Infobox city in Portugal / maintenance / management location is empty Template: Infobox city in Portugal / Maintenance / Web page is blank Vila Pouca de Aguiar is a small town ( Vila ) and a circle ( concelho ) in Portugal with 3290 inhabitants ( as of June 30 2011).


Archaeological excavations and finds of prehistoric megalithic occupy the settlement. The Romans settled here due to the low ore deposits, especially gold, but also silver and lead they built from here. After the invasion of Germanic tribes settled here Visigoths, who were expelled from the early 8th century by the Moors.

During the Reconquista and the independence of the Kingdom of Portugal from 1139 Pena, one of the Vila Pouca de Aguiar Aguiar emerged as the circle. The name was derived probably from the Roman town of Cauca from, the appendage to distinguish the de Aguiar was added, as belonging to Aguiar da Pena.

King Manuel I renewed 1515 city rights ( Foral ) of Aguiar da Pena, whose district Vila Pouca de Aguiar was on. The group was disbanded in the course of administrative reform 1836-1855, and independent groups were newly formed. It also recently become independent Vila Pouca de Aguiar has been significantly expanded.

Culture and sights

Various archaeological excavations can be visited in the circuit, including the Roman gold mine of Trêsminas, and megalithic, here called Antas and Mámoas. The ruins of the medieval castle ( Castelo de Pena de Aguiar ), built by the Visigoths in the 9th century on the remains of a hill fort of the Castro culture to visit, a visitor center is also located there.

Among the monuments of the town include historic public buildings, two modernist cinemas, a stone fountain, and various religious buildings, including built in 1704, mannerist, baroque parish church Igreja de Paroquial Vila Pouca de Aguiar (also Igreja do Cemitério ), among others, Altarpieces of gilded wood ( Talha dourada ) holds. Also, the historical center as a whole is a listed building.

In the community Bornes de Aguiar the spa Pedras Salgadas whose mineral water is sold nationally and internationally located.



Vila Pouca de Aguiar is the seat of the homonymous district. The neighboring districts are (clockwise starting from the north ): Chaves, Valpaços, Murça, Alijó, Sabrosa, Vila Real, Ribeira de Pena and Boticas.

The following municipalities ( Freguesias ) lying in circle Vila Pouca de Aguiar:

  • Afonsim
  • Alfarela de Jales
  • Bornes de Aguiar
  • Bragado
  • Capeludos
  • Gouvães da Serra
  • Lixa do Alvão
  • Parada de Monteiro
  • Pensalvos
  • Sabroso de Aguiar
  • Santa Marta da Montanha
  • Soutelo de Aguiar
  • Telões
  • Tresminas
  • Valoura
  • Vila Pouca de Aguiar
  • Vreia de Bornes
  • Vreia de Jales


Local holiday

  • June 22


  • Spain: Fabero, El Bierzo (since 1995)

Sons and daughters

  • Manuel Gregório de Sousa Pereira de Sampaio (1766-1844), noble General, Miguelist
  • António Pedro Machado Pinto de Sousa Canavarro (1772-1836), of aristocratic military and politicians, liberal officer in the Azores
  • Matias Gonçalves de Oliveira Roxo (1804-1879), Brazilian landowners
  • Manuel José Gonçalves Couto (1819-1897), missionary and author
  • Antônio Bandeira Trajano (1843-1921), author of textbooks and Presbyterian Bible translators in Brazil
  • Martiniano Ferreira Botelho (1853-1939), physician, pharmacist and Republican politician
  • Henrique Ferreira Botelho (1880-1954), surgeon and politician
  • Alberto de Sousa Costa (1879-1961), writer
  • Ilídio Botelho Gonçalves (1922-2011), an agricultural engineer and landscape architect
  • Gilberto Gonçalves Délio Canavarro dos Reis ( born 1940 ), Bishop of Setúbal
  • António Marques Alves Júnior (1946-2012), Revolutionary Officer of the MFA, politicians after the Carnation Revolution
  • José Luís Ferreira (born 1962 ), green CDU politician

Gerald of Braga, sainted Archbishop of Braga, died here in 1109, in the village of Bornes.